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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 07 August 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 07  August 2019

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 

Tomorrow’s Static Topic: Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate


General Studies – 1


Topic: Social empowerment,Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

1) “Triple Talaq Bill passage is a transformative point in India’s socio-political context.” Discuss.(250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question: 

The article discusses in detail the significance of Triple Talaq bill that was passed recently by the parliament.

Demand of the question:

The question demands one to analyse the significance of the triple talaq bill from the view point of socio-political context.

Directive word: 

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

Discuss the concept precisely.

Body

The use and status of triple talaq in India has been a subject of controversy and debate. Those questioning the practice have raised issues of justice, gender equality, human rights and secularism. Amidst all these questions the bill has succeeded in bringing relief to the oppressed Muslim women who were shackled by the ills of triple talaq.

Explain how many Islamic nations, including Saudi Arabia, Pakistan, and Iraq, have banned or restricted such practice. 

Discuss in what way the bill empowers women socially, how has it proved to be an infliction point in the history of Indian society.

Conclusion 

Conclude by reasserting the merits and the socio-political transformation that the bill brought.


Topic:  Salient features of Indian Society, Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors

2)  Discuss Honour killings and Mob Lynching as prevalent social evils of the country examine the need of legislation for bringing social change in the same context.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

 Rajasthan legislative assembly passed two important bills to curb honor killings and Mob Lynching in the state.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must examine closely the evils of mob lynching and honor killing prevalent in India and what changes are required to do away with such social evils.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define mob lynching and honor killing

Body:

Discuss the highlights of the bill – The Rajasthan Protection from Lynching Bill, 2019:

Rajasthan has become the second state after Manipur which passed a law to curb lynching cases.

The government told during the debate that 87 % of the total incidents took place across the country were recorded in the state during the last five years.

Offences under new law will be investigated by a police officer of the rank of Inspector and above, and state DGP will appoint an officer of IG or above rank as state coordinator to prevent lynching.

In cases of “hurt” and “grievous hurt” from such assault, the convict may get up to seven and 10 years in jail, respectively.

If the attack leads to death, the punishment is life imprisonment.

The Bill also makes conspirators accountable.

Then discuss in what way such bills are game changers for our society.

Conclusion:

Conclude on a positive note and that all the states in the country should have such laws and policies put in place.


General Studies – 2


Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation, Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

3) e-commerce sector has grown multi fold in India and thus demands a change in the uncertain policy environment surrounding the sector. Elucidate. (250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question:

The question is in the context of growing e-commerce environment in the country and recently the Department of Consumer Affairs has published the draft e-Commerce Guidelines for consumer protection 2019. It has invited parties to provide feedback by 16 September.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the scope of e-commerce industry, the demands and the efforts being made by the government in terms of policy.

Directive:

ElucidateGive a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Describe what is e-commerce. 

Body:

The answer should first paint a picture of the existing trends in e-commerce policy.  Then discuss what changes are required, what are the various fronts that demand policy reforms for the e-commerce to flourish.

Suggest solutions and way forward – mention about the recent policy initiatives made to ensure conduciveness for the e-commerce sector.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation. Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

4) The government recently planned to let medical practitioners without MBBS degrees offer basic healthcare services, we need more doctors, but should the quality standards be diluted at the cost of it? Explain.  (250 words)

Livemint

Why this question:

The National Medical Commission (NMC) Bill, 2019, which was passed by the Rajya Sabha last week with some modifications and sent to the Lok Sabha for approval, has evoked widespread protests from doctors. The Indian Medical Association (IMA), a representative body of doctors, has called an all-India strike tomorrow against a few contentious aspects of the bill.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the merits and demerits of the recent move made by the government with National Medical Commission (NMC) Bill, 2019.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Discuss the nuances of the government’s decision with respect to medical practitioners.

Body:

First discuss the key highlights of the bill.

Bring out the situational crisis of lack of medical aid in terms of the number of doctors available, quote data from article to substantiate the current conditions.

Then move on to discuss the merits and demerits of the move.

Conclusion:

Conclude that a balanced approach is the need of the hour, the decision though aptly suits the situation, comes with bit of risk that the government must be able to tackle with.


General Studies – 3


Topic:  Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

5) “J&K is known for high emotions and low economy”, in the context of the statement provide for an analysis of the development aspects in the state and also suggest way forward.(250 words)

Livemint

Why this question:

The article captures the sick picture of the state of Jammu and Kashmir in terms of development status of its economy.

Key demand of the question:

One has to examine and analyse in depth the root causes for such an infant nature of the Kashmir economy, why has the growth stagnated in the valley for decades and suggest what should be the way forward.

Directive:

analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define the current conditions in the state, the latest happenings of scrapping of article 370 etc.

Body:

Explain that J&K does not have enough private sector avenues and politics hasn’t produced enough opportunities and conducive atmosphere owing to insufficient urbanization, lack of finances, formalized economy and industrialization.

Explain the factors that have led to the situation so far.

Discuss what needs to be done? What are the repercussions of the latest move taken by the government etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic:Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate

6) Which forces are responsible for internal security of the country? Discuss their significance in maintaining peace and harmony.(250 words)

 IDSA articles

Why this question:

The question is straightforward and is about discussing the forces that are responsible for maintaining internal security of the country.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must detail upon the forces responsible for internal security of the country.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin with brief on need and importance of internal security.

Body:

There are many divisions of Central Armed Police Force, which deal with internal threats – Assam Rifles (AR), Border Security Force (BSF), Central Industrial Security Force (CISF), Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), Indo Tibetan Border Police (ITBP), National Security Guard (NSG), Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB) etc. discuss the roles played by each of the forces and use case studies wherever possible to justify the answer better.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance of the forces and need to keep them strengthened.

 


Topic: Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate

7) Border Security Force plays a vital role in protecting the sovereignty and integrity of the nation. Comment.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

BSF is an important security organization which works in varied terrains ranging from the Thar desert to the Jammu Kashmir and in the swamps of eastern India. It is important to know about the role played by this paramount organization in protecting the sovereignty and integrity of the nation.

Key demand of the question:

Explain in detail the role played by the BSF in protecting the borders in terms of sovereignty and integrity of the nation.

Directive:

Commenthere we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Explain in few lines the origin and genesis of BSF.

Body:

Discuss the wartime and peacetime role of BSF.

Then move onto explaining the role played by the BSF protecting the sovereignty and integrity of India. e.g. discuss its role in 1971 Indo Pak war and Liberation of Bangladesh; discuss the role of BSF in Tackling the Problem of Insurgency in North-Eastern India; Terrorism in Punjab and the Role of BSF (1989-1993); Kashmir Militancy; BSF in Operation Vijay: Kargil, 1999; Left-Wing Extremism etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting significance of such forces in maintaining peace and harmony.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

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