4) Organic Farming in India is an established age-old practice in India, but its ability to redress the grievances of farmers seems to be limited. Critically analyse. (250 words)
Why this question:
The question aims to examine the success/achievements that organic farming can bring to farmers and to their income and in what way it has certain limitations.
Key demand of the question:
The answer must discuss the merits and demerits of organic farming.
Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.
Structure of the answer:
Describe what is organic farming.
The answer must justify how India has the highest number of organic farmers globally, but most of them are struggling.
Discuss the factors involved, quote facts such as – India is home to 30 per cent of the total organic producers in the world, but accounts for just 2.59 per cent (1.5 million hectares) of the total organic cultivation area of 57.8 million hectares, according to the World of Organic Agriculture 2018 report.
Explain the issues involved, why farmers are unable to harness the full potential. What needs to be done etc.
Conclude with way forward.