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3)  In the recent past the parliament has been aggressively pushing bills on many fronts for a better India, however they suffer from the common malady that they are likely to be extremely under-enforced because of weak state capacity. Should Parliament pass laws that the government cannot enforce? Analyse.(250 words)

Topic:  Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

3)  In the recent past the parliament has been aggressively pushing bills on many fronts for a better India, however they suffer from the common malady that they are likely to be extremely under-enforced because of weak state capacity. Should Parliament pass laws that the government cannot enforce? Analyse.(250 words)

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Why this question:

 The article elaborately discusses in what way the laws are often not implemented and they remain only on paper.

Key demand of the question:

Answer should analyse clearly the lacunae in the governance on the implementation front, as to what are the reasons that hold back the implementation of laws that are aggressively put in place but often lose relevance due to lack of implementation.

Directive:

analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

First bring out in a line or two the recent laws that were passed by the parliament.

Body:

Take hints from the article and explain the hurdles that the country face on governance front specifically on the implementation front.

Explain what are the genuine problems with passing laws without the capacity to enforce them like – 

  • low capacity to enforce leads to arbitrary enforcement.
  • a rule violator weighs the expected costs and benefits of breaking a rule.
  • Stronger penalties that are under-enforced may actually incentivize more rule violation. When the enforcement infrastructure is overloaded, this also affects pre-existing laws and not just newly passed legislation. Etc. 

Conclusion:

Conclude by suggesting reasonable solutions, how India can take lessons from other countries etc. 

CategoriesINSIGHTS