Topic: Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary; Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.
1) Do you think a mere increase in the court’s strength may suffice to liquidate the burgeoning issue of large pendency of cases? Examine. (250 words)
Why this question:
Pendency of cases across courts in India has increased in the last decade.
Union Cabinet recently has approved a proposal to increase the strength of judges in Supreme Court from the present 31 to 34 (i.e. by 10%), including Chief Justice of India (CJI). Cabinet has approved a bill to amend the Supreme Court (Number of Judges) Act, 1956.
Key demand of the question:
The answer must discuss the issue of pendency of cases and in what way increasing the number of judges alone cant be a solution to the problem and there have to be a multi-pronged approach.
Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications
Structure of the answer:
Describe the current conditions with few vital statistics to substantiate.
There are more than 3 crore cases pending in different courts of India. Many of these cases are pending for more than 10 years. Explain first why there are too many cases pending in Indian courts? Suggest Solutions to the Problem of Pending Cases in Indian Courts.
Conclude with way forward.