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Global coalition to protect pollinators

Topics covered:

  1. Important International institutions, agencies and fora, their structure, mandate.

 

Global coalition to protect pollinators

 

What to study?

For Prelims: About the coalition and it’s functions.

For Mains: Pollinators- significance, threats and various efforts for their conservation.

 

Context: Nigeria becomes fourth African nation to join global coalition to protect pollinators.

While Morroco became a member of this group in May this year, Ethiopia was the first African nation to be part of this global coalition in 2017.  Burundi was the second African country to join this global group.

 

About the Global Coalition of the Willing on Pollinators:

  1. The organisation was formed three years ago, to follow up on the findings of IPBES Assessment on Pollinators, Pollination and Food Production, which found that many of the world’s pollinator species are on the decline.
  2. The initiative to form a coalition was taken by the Netherlands on December 12, 2016 at the Conference of the Parties–Convention of Biological Diversity held in Mexico.
  3. Members: The coalition now has 28 signatories including 17 European countries, five from Latin America and the Caribbean and four from Africa.

 

Need:

About 16.5 per cent of vertebrate pollinators are threatened with global extinction, say the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List assessments.

The assessment highlights that 75 per cent of food crops in the world and nearly 90 per cent of wild flowering plants depend, at least to some extent, on animal pollination.

Pollinator-dependent species include several fruits, vegetables, seeds, nuts and oil crops, which are major sources of micronutrients, vitamins and minerals to humans.

 

Joining the coalition means adopting the following measures:

  1. Taking action to protect pollinators and their habitats by developing and implementing national pollinator strategies.
  2. Sharing experience and lessons learnt in developing and implementing national pollinator strategies, especially knowledge on new approaches, innovations and best practices.
  3. Reaching out to seek collaboration with a broad spectrum of stakeholders—countries as well as businesses, NGOs, farmers and local communities.
  4. Developing research on pollinator conservation.
  5. Supporting and collaborating with each other—and those parties that are willing to join the coalition.

 

What is the importance of pollinators?

  1. Plants depend on pollination.
  2. Globally nearly 90% of wild flowering plant species depend on animal pollination.
  3. More than 75% of leading global crop types benefit from animal pollination in production, yield and quality.
  4. Around 5-8% of current global crop production is directly ascribed to animal pollination, which equates to somewhere between 235 and 577 billion American dollars worldwide.

 

Sources: down to earth.

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