Topic: Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.
7) ‘The cause of sedition is always found in inequality’ (Aristotle). Explain.(250 words)
Ethics by Lexicon publications
Why this question:
The question is based on the theme of Aristotle’s theory of justice in his work ‘Politics’.
Key demand of the question:
Explain in detail the statement, the context and theory propounded by Aristotle.
Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.
Structure of the answer:
Briefly explain the gist of the statement in question.
Explain that justice for Aristotle is a complete virtue, though not absolute. It is a relative concept understood in relation to others in the society.
Aristotle theory of justice is linked to his idea of equality. Justice demands distribution of officers, rewards etc. According to the contribution based on merit of the citizens. He held that persons who are equal and possess equal merit ought to be treated equally. In other words, those who contribute more to the performance of good action in services of the state thus show greater civic excellence deserve more from the state than those who contribute less.
Therefore, Aristotle’s theory of justice is based on ‘proportional equality’, which means that people should receive from the state, in the way of just rewards, proportionately to their merits.
Conclude with significance of such theories.