Topic:Linkages between development and spread of extremism
5) The main support for the Naxalite movement comes from Dalits and Adivasis. Discuss the correspondence and linkages of the social conditions of these communities of the population and Naxalism of a particular region. (250 words)
Why this question:
The question aims to establish the interlinkages between the communities of Dalits and Adivasis with Naxal movements of the country.
Key demand of the question:
The answer must discuss and establish the relation between the presence of such communities and the Naxal establishments of a region.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Begin with brief introduction on Naxal reach and expanse in the country.
Discussion should include the following:
Discuss the double tragedy at work in tribal India; The first tragedy is that the state has treated its Adivasi citizens with contempt and condescension. The second tragedy is that their presumed protectors, the Naxalites, offer no long-term solution either.
Explain the plight of thousands of tribals and Dalits in India.
Discuss that plethora of constitutional provisions are in place to protect the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes, and yet, in practice no SC/ST law comes to their rescue or penalizes the culprits.
Conclude with way forward and suggest what needs to be done.