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5) What is wetland? Explain the Ramsar concept of ‘wise use’ in the context of wetland conservation. Cite two examples of Ramsar sites from India. (250 words)

Topic Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation.

5) What is wetland? Explain the Ramsar concept of ‘wise use’ in the context of wetland conservation. Cite two examples of Ramsar sites from India. (250 words)

previous year question, Indian geography by Majid Hussain, Environment by Shankar IAS Academy.

 

Why this question: 

The question is straightforward and is based on the concept of wetland.

Demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the concept of wetland in detail and discuss the Ramsar concept of wise use.

Directive word: 

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

Define Wetland. 

Body

Wetlands are ecotones between terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. They get periodically get inundated with water. They support a flourishing community of aquatic organisms including frogs and other amphibians. Swamps, marshes and mangroves are examples of wetlands.

Then discuss that the Ramsar “Wise use concept” requires that wetlands’ ecological character should be maintained within the framework of sustainable development.

Detail on the components of the concept. And conclude with examples.

Conclusion 

Conclude with way forward and importance of such sites and conventions.

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