Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation. Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate
2) Discuss the mandate of National Investigation Agency (NIA), What are the impediments in its operative functioning? How can these concerns be addressed? Elucidate.(250 words)
Why this question:
Lok Sabha recently passed the NIA Act Amendment Bill, which gives more powers to the National Investigation Agency and extends its jurisdiction beyond India’s borders. The Bill was hotly debated, with the Opposition accusing the government of misusing the agency for political vendetta and turning India into a police state.
Key demand of the question:
Answer must discuss the key mandate of NIA, impediments in its operative functioning and in what way these impediments can be overcome.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
In brief narrate the background of the question, why was NIA in news etc.
Discuss the following aspects in the answer:
Explain the proposed amendment to the National Investigation Agency (NIA) Act-2008 that were passed – aims to provide the probe agency with powers to investigate scheduled offences such as human trafficking; circulation of fake currency; manufacture and sale of prohibited arms; and cyber-terrorism. It also allows for the creation of special courts for adjudicating such crimes.
The bill also seeks to allow the NIA jurisdiction over scheduled offences committed outside India, subject to international treaties and the domestic laws of other countries. A special court in New Delhi will preside over such cases etc.
Then discuss what are the issues involved and how they need to be addressed.
Conclude with a way forward, signifying its importance.