Topic: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
6) Do you agree that the much of the current crisis facing Indian railways is originating from the fragmented structure of the rail bureaucracy? Critically analyse. (250 words)
Why this question:
The question aims to analyse the issues and concerns marring the Indian railways system specifically in the domain of bureaucracy.
Key demand of the question:
Explain in detail the various issues concerning the Indian railways system in what way the issues can be addressed.
Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.
Structure of the answer:
Highlight the current state of railway affairs in India.
Explain the following points in detail –
Discuss first how railways have come far ahead in time.
Explain specific issues that still surround it despite dedicated policies and programs in place.
Quote the reasons due to which the issue still persists, in what way they can be resolved.
Discuss the idea of third service cadre —the Indian Railways Management Service, the idea is that the IR management service — drawing talent from the technical and logistics services etc. as solutions to the existing problems.
Conclude by suggesting way forward.