Topic:Dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.
3) What are the constitutional provisions related to interstate river water disputes? Why have river water disputes spun out for such long durations of time in our country? Can there be a fix? comment. (250 words)
Why this question:
The Union Cabinet has approved the Inter-State River Water Disputes (Amendment) Bill, 2019 that will help adjudicate disputes relating to waters of inter-State rivers and river valleys.
Key demand of the question:
The answer must list down the constitutional provisions related to interstate water dispute and discuss in detail the reasons for the delayed/ unsettled nature of the issue.
Comment– here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.
Structure of the answer:
Quote the recent controversies surrounding the bill and bring out the significance of the constitutional provisions of the bill.
Discuss how Inter-State River Water Disputes are one of the most contiguous issues in the Indian federalism today.
List the Constitutional provisions for River Water Dispute in India.
Explain the reasons for the lingering water disputes over long durations of time. quote examples – Cauvery Water Dispute etc.
Suggest what should be the way forward? – significance of Inter-State River Water Disputes (Amendment) Bill, Disputes Resolution Committee (DRC) etc.
Conclude that such disputes can hamper growth and development of the country and must be resolved amicably without much political opportunism.