7) Public utilities and spaces in India are in a bad shape. Roads, water supply, street lighting, market cleanliness, railway stations, parks, community centers, public toilets, rivers and ponds are considered sole responsibility of the government to maintain without charging anything. People consider that they have rights to better public utilities and public spaces solely on the basis of government’s ability to provide them.
Explain what should be the ideal way to manage the quality of public utilities and public spaces in a populous country like India? Suggest appropriate solutions.(250 words)
Ethics by Lexicon publications
Why this question:
India’s emerging development moment is caught between two realities: inadequate systems in public transportation, housing, waste management, and access to sanitation and health; and a burgeoning ecosystem of enterprising individuals, communities and start-ups pushing innovative solutions to these very same civic issues. The question is about analyzing the deficit between the rights of people to access these features and the role of govt. in providing the same.
Key demand of the question:
Explain in detail the issue and suggest solutions to the case study.
Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.
Structure of the answer:
Highlight the context and explain what the question is hinting at.
Discussion should include the following aspects –
What is the issue facing our country with respect to public utilities and civic amenities?
Then outline the emerging challenges and opportunities in India, particularly climate change, sustainability, resilience, and the possibilities of digital technologies and how these have an impact on the problem in question.
Explain what needs to be done to address such an issue.
Press on the need for multi-stakeholder approach and that the responsibility doesn’t lie with government alone.
Conclude with way forward.