Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment
6) Forest dwellers and farmers are the best hope to preserve biodiversity and ensure food security. Discuss the statement with suitable examples.(250 words)
Why this question:
The article deals in what way forest dwellers and farmers are the best hope to preserve biodiversity and ensure food security.
Key demand of the question:
The answer is straight forward and must discuss the role of forest dwellers, tribal communities and the farmers in preserving biodiversity and ensuring food security.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Explain the context of the question.
Discussion should be followed by suitable examples to justify the role of forest dwellers, for e.g. the case study of Dongria Kondh tribe of Niyamgiri Hills – they are among the best conservationists in the world. Known for the spirited defense of their forested habitat against short-sighted industrialization, they have through millennia evolved a lifestyle that is in perfect harmony with nature.
Likewise explain the role played by farmers – in what way they help achieve food security.
Take cues from the article and discuss their significant role.
Conclude by reasserting their significant role played in conserving and preserving the biodiversity and ensuring food security.