Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health
2) Where does India stand in battle against Measles? Do you think India can achieve its 2020 target? Discuss the status of MR in India and the challenges it has been facing in eliminating the same.(250 words)
Why this question:
The article explains in detail how Sri Lanka has made health history after spending three years free of any new measles and the World Health Organisation (WHO) has declared that the deadly childhood infection has been eliminated in the island nation. In contrast, India has a long road ahead, particularly because vaccine-resistant voices are sometimes being heard.
Demand of the question:
One has to discuss the challenges India is facing in eliminating the Measles. What are the challenges it is facing and how can we address them and achieve the target of measle free India?
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Quote the recent achievement made by the island country of Sri-Lanka. The World Health Organization (WHO), has declared Sri Lanka, a measles-free country.
Discuss the following points –
What is measles? – Measles is a highly contagious viral disease and is a cause of death among young children globally.
Explain what does the elimination disease mean – The elimination of a disease means that there have been zero new cases of the disease in the last three years. The country reported its last case of measles in May 2016.
The other countries in the region which have eliminated measles in their geographical area are Bhutan, Maldives, DPR Korea and Timor-Leste.
Explain the status of India with respect to Measles, what are the concerns, challenges etc and suggest a way forward.
Conclude that the target of achieving a measles free India isn’t an impossible thing and that with suitable and targeted approach it can definitely be achieved.