Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
3) With warnings from India’s policy-makers and reports of major cities in India struggling to cope with water crisis, exploring technologies to harness fresh water seems to be a ray of hope. Critically examine these technologies. How far would they be effective in preventing a water crisis in the future?(250 words)
Why this question:
The article discusses the major challenge of water crisis the country is facing and highlights the need of emerging technologies in addressing the issue.
Key demand of the question:
The answer must bring out the role that technology can play in harnessing effective ways of preventing water crisis in the coming future.
Critically Examine – When asked to examine, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.
Structure of the answer:
Start with facts justifying the current water crisis conditions facing the country.
The question is straightforward and there isn’t much to deliberate, students must first bring out the current conditions of water crisis in the country – state reasons, concerns posed etc. and then move on to explain in what way newer technologies can address the situation in an effective and sustainable manner.
Conclude with significance of technology and put a word of caution that technology alone can not be a solution for the crisis but also awareness, sustainable use of water is the need of the hour.