Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment. Moral suasion.
2) Given the importance of religion in Indian culture, do you think the suggestion given in the Economic Survey on the use of moral suasion drawn from religious beliefs can modify the behaviour of Indians? Critically analyse. (250 words)
Why this question:
The recently released economic survey has proposed the use of culture and tradition on several fronts such as gender equity campaign etc. Survey emphasizes on the religious basis to back the righteousness; moral suasion.
Key demand of the question:
The answer must bring out the significance of moral suasion and the context of it in Indian scenario as to what extent can we use it as a weapon to address various issues.
Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.
Structure of the answer:
Briefly highlight the findings of economic survey in this regard.
- First explain the religious base present in the country.
- How can moral suasion guide one’s ethical and moral, economic behaviour?
- The answer should explain the various fronts that the survey takes to bring out the importance of moral suasion such as – It elaborates by referencing various religions: In Hinduism, non-payment of debts is a sin and also a crime. The duty or obligation of a child to repay the debts of the deceased parent is rested upon a special doctrine, known as ‘The Doctrine of Pious Obligation’.
Islam says a person cannot enter paradise until his debt is paid. All of his wealth could be used to pay the debt and if it is insufficient, then one or more heirs could voluntarily pay for him.
The survey also quotes the Bible: “Let no debt remain outstanding except the continuing debt to love one another’’ and “The wicked borrows and does not repay, but the righteous shows mercy and gives”.
Conclude by highlighting the importance of such moves.