Lal Bahadur Shastri
Context: PM visits Varanasi Unveils Lal Bahadur Shastri statue at Varanasi airport.
Lal Bahadur Shastri- related facts:
- Pre- independence:
Lal Bahadur Shastri was born on 2nd October, 1904 at Mughalsarai, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh.
He was given the title “Shastri” meaning “Scholar” by Vidya Peeth as a part of his bachelor’s degree award.
He introduced a slogan “Jai Jawan Jai Kisan” and played a pivotal role in shaping India’s future.
He became a life member of the Servants of the People Society (Lok Sevak Mandal), founded by Lala Lajpat Rai. There he started to work for the upliftment of backward classes, and later he became the President of that Society.
He participated in the non-cooperation movement and the Salt Satyagraha.
- Post- independence:
He was the second Prime Minister of Independent India.
In 1961, he was appointed as Home Minister, and he appointed the Committee on Prevention of Corruption. He created the famous “Shastri Formula” which consisted of the language agitations in Assam and Punjab.
He promoted the White Revolution, a national campaign to increase milk production. He also promoted the Green Revolution, to increase the food production in India.
In 1964, he signed an agreement with the Sri Lankan Prime Minister Sirimavo Bandaranaike, in concern with the status of Indian Tamils in Ceylon. This agreement is known as Srimavo-Shastri Pact.
He was awarded the Bharat Ratna the India’s highest civilian award posthumously in 1966.
He signed Tashkent Declaration on 10 January, 1966 with the paksitan President, Muhammad Ayub Khan to end the 1965 war.