Topic:Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.
6) “Apart from enhancing and improving agricultural productivity, land reforms are key drivers of social equity”. comment.(250 words)
Why this question:
The question is straightforward and must discuss the role of land reforms in bringing social equity.
Key demand of the question:
Explain in detail the role of land reforms in enhancing Agri productivity of the country and also in what way they ensure social equity.
Comment– here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.
Structure of the answer:
Discuss in brief the importance of land reforms.
Explain what are the effects of land reforms.
How does it bring increased Agri productivity?
What role do land reforms play in bringing social equity? – explain with example. Explain the following aspects –
- Land equity: Marginalized farmers got ownership over more land area and thus increase in social status.
- Credit access and increased food production > increase in income > filed the gap of income inequality.
- Abolition of zamindari curtailed exploitative practices such as beggar, bonded labour.
Though land reforms had limited success due to loopholes in law, corruption, these reforms changed the shape of Indian agrarian system. Land reforms are still going on e.g. Benami Act, Computerizations etc.
Conclude by suggesting importance of land reforms in social equity.