Topic: population and associated issues, Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
3) According to the Economic Survey 2018-19, India’s population growth rate will decline faster than assumed as the fertility rate in many states has reached the replacement rate, while India is already struggling with high unemployment, don’t you think the changing demography will add to the challenge of fulfilling aspirations of New India? Critically analyse.(250 words)
Why this question:
Economic Survey 2018-19 has noted that “India is set to witness a sharp slowdown in population growth in the next two decades”.
Key demand of the question:
Th answer needs to analyse the effect of such a finding on fulfilling aspirations of New India. One has to critically analyse in what way the changing trends in demography can lead to challenges in jobs, employment and overall increased dependent ratio.
Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.
Structure of the answer:
Highlight the findings of the economic survey.
The survey had a close look at the impact of population arrest on India’s working-age population. It said as this population would rise by 96.5 million between 2021-31 and by 41.5 million between 2031-41, it would have implications for the required rate of job creation in the economy. It said “additional jobs will need to be created to keep pace with the projected annual increase in working-age population.”
One must explain in detail the possible challenges that the conditions can pose on the growth and development aspects of the country.
Conclude with way forward.