Topic: Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.
5) Explain the different types of agriculture revolutions that took place post Independence in India. Also explain how these revolutions have helped in bringing food security in India?(250 words)
Indian geography by Majid Hussain, Indian economy by Dutt and Sundaram
Why this question:
The question is straight forward and is about discussing the agrarian revolutions that India witnessed post-independence.
Key demand of the question:
The answer must discuss the contributions of Agrarian revolutions in India and role played by them in ensuring food security in India.
Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.
Structure of the answer:
Begin with brief on significance of important agrarian revolutions in India that started immediately after post-independence.
Discussion should include the following:
- India is primarily an agricultural economy and majority of people are still dependent on agriculture for their livelihood. After independence, development of agriculture has been assured by various revolutions supported by government.
- Green Revolution – This revolution led to tremendous rise in production of food grains, especially wheat, by use of high-yielding varieties of seeds, fertilizers and pesticide.
- White Revolution – Operation Flood (1970), an initiative of National Dairy Development Board has led to revolution in milk production in India. The world’s largest dairy development programme transformed India from a milk deficient nation to world’s largest milk producer.
- Blue Revolution – This revolution focused on management of fisheries sector and has led to phenomenal increase in both fish production and productivity from aquaculture and fisheries resources of the inland and marine fisheries.
- Other revolutions which are no less significant includes yellow revolution (oil seed production), golden fibre revolution (jute), golden revolution (horticulture), silver fibre revolution (Cotton) and red revolution (meat production).
Then suggest their contributions/significance. And conclude that To further the momentum of these programmes and assure food security in long run in face of ever increasing population, there is an urgent need for an ‘evergreen revolution’ that should focus on all round development of the agriculture sector.
Conclude with way forward.