- Important International institutions, agencies and fora, their structure, mandate.
Henley Passport Index
What to study?
For Prelims and Mains: Passport Index- features, performance of various countries and significance of the index.
Context: Henley Passport Index 2019 has been released. The Index is based on data provided by the International Air Transport Authority (IATA) and covers 199 passports and 227 travel destinations.
About the index:
- The Henley Passport Index (HPI) is a global ranking of countries according to the travel freedom for their citizens.
- It started in 2006 as Henley & Partners Visa Restrictions Index (HVRI) and was modified and renamed in January 2018.
- The HPI consists of a ranking of passports according to how many other territories can be reached ‘visa-free’.
Performance of India:
- India is ranked at 86 with a mobility score of 58. India’s rank has improved from the earlier position of 79th in January 2019.
- The score points out that Indian passport holders can access 58 countries around the world without a prior visa.
- India shares the 86th position with Mauritiana and Sao Tome and Principe.
- Asian countries dominate the rankings with Japan and Singapore holding onto the top spot with a score of 189, after they unseated Germany from its first position at the beginning of 2018.
- With a few notable exceptions, the latest rankings from the Henley Passport Index show that countries around the world increasingly view visa openness as crucial to economic and social progress.
- Afghanistan at 109th is last on the list with a visa-free/visa-on-arrival score of just 25.
Sources: the Hindu.