Topic: Disaster and disaster management.
5) Why are Mumbai rains so disastrous despite the thousand crores spent? discuss the problems plaguing Mumbai’s urban drainage system.(250 words)
Why this question:
Flooding seems to recur almost every year in Mumbai, with this year being particularly severe. The city witnessed extremely heavy rains all through Monday. In 44 years, Mumbai has received second highest rainfall in 24 hours.
demand of the question:
The answer must evaluate the underlying reasons for recurrent flood conditions faced by the financial capital Mumbai.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Discuss in brief first the recurrence of the floods in Mumbai.
The discussions should have the following points:
What is the issue?
How does Mumbai’s drainage network look? – what and why are the key challenges. what is so specific about the Mumbai floods.
How to deal with tides, what are the specific problems plaguing the drainage system of the city – insufficient drains, crowded town planning.
Conclude by suggesting way forward, what needs to be done, how should the disaster response be dealt with.