Topic: Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.
3) Discuss the effects of livestock farming on environment.(250 words)
Indian Geography by Majid Hussain
Why this question:
The question is direct and is about discussing the effects of livestock farming on environment.
Key demand of the question:
The answer must discuss the pros and cons of livestock farming on the environment.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments
Structure of the answer:
Describe basics of livestock farming.
Explain in detail the equation between livestock farming and global warming
The conversion of forests into agricultural land and livestock ranches is one of the major causes of deforestation. It is being done to meet the rising demand for food. One to two acres of rainforests are cleared every second for animal rearing and agriculture. Another major concern is greenhouse gas emissions. Raising livestock generates 14.5 per cent of global greenhouse gas emissions that are very bad for the environment. Forests help lower the risks of sudden climate change and also tone down the impacts from natural disasters.
Discuss both pros and cons and conclude with what needs to be done to overcome the challenge.
Suggest how the impact can be mitigated or reduces what can be other alternatives.