Topic: Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.
2) Discuss the importance of Public Distribution System in India and also explain the challenges involved and what reforms are required to overcome these challenges. (250 words)
Why this question:
The question is about PDS – its importance, challenges and reforms required.
Key demand of the question:
The answer must discuss the significance of the PDS system for India and the challenges facing the system and suggest necessary reforms.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments
Structure of the answer:
Define what you understand by PDS.
Explain that the Public Distribution System (PDS) evolved as a system for distribution of food grains at affordable prices and management of emergency situations. Over the years, the term PDS has become synonymous with the term ‘food security’ and also an important part of Government’s policy for management of food economy in the country.
Then move on to explain the growing significance of PDS, why is it so important with the aspect of food security.
Discuss the challenges associated and suggest what measures/reforms can be taken to make the PDS a success.
Conclude by reasserting the need to have a robust PDS in place to ensure food secure and healthy India.