Topic:Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life
1) The utility of the DNA Technology (Use and Application) Regulation Bill could be of enormous abet in many areas yet bereft of safeguards. Critically analyse. (250 words)
Why this question:
The Lok Sabha has passed the DNA Technology (Use and Application) Regulation Bill, 2018 that allows regulated use of DNA technology to establish the identity of certain defined categories of persons, including offenders, suspects, and undertrials.
Key demand of the question:
The answer must explain the advantages and concerns associated with the bill.
Critically analyze – When asked to analyze, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.
Structure of the answer:
Begin with brief highlights of the bill.
Discussion should include the following:
Explain what was the need for such a legislation and what is its significance.
Bring out the key features of the bill and analyse both pros and cons.
Explain the benefits such as – By providing for the mandatory accreditation and regulation of DNA laboratories, the Bill seeks to ensure that with the proposed expanded use of this technology in the country. There is also the assurance that the DNA test results are reliable and the data remain protected from misuse or abuse in terms of the privacy rights of our citizens.
Then explain the associated concerns.
Conclude with need for a balanced vision towards such aspects.