Topic: Mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of vulnerable sections.
2) The prevention of torture has been one of the key human rights developments in the last decade, However, India’s commitment to preventing and abolishing torture as well as punishing its perpetrators has remained extremely weak. Critically analyse in the light of recent incidences of custodial deaths around the country. (250 words)
Why this question:
Recently Kerala govt has come in the line of fire over rising cases of custodial deaths, police torture.
Key demand of the question:
The answer must analyse the recent custodial deaths and the underlying causes as to what is the key issue associated and why India has remained weak in this aspect of human rights.
Critically analyze – When asked to analyze, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.
Structure of the answer:
In brief discuss the recent police custodial ills across the country.
Have the following points discussed in the answer:
Discuss the issue first in detail, use data/facts to substantiate.
Explain why there has been a neglect;causes of such ill happenings.
Discuss what needs to be done? Need for reforms in the police across the country.
What needs to be done?
Conclude that reforms are needed with respect to custodial deaths on an urgent basis to do away with the human rights violation.