Topic: population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues.
Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.
1) India’s megacities have continued to remain engines of growth; however, a faster pace of spatial development is the need of the hour to enable the country to take full advantage of its demographic dividend afforded by its young population. Discuss. (250 words)
Why this question:
The question is to analyse the urging need for spatial development to ensure faster growth and development of the country.
Demand of the question:
The answer must discuss the effect of spatial development on various aspects of growth – ranging from job opportunities, employment, access to physical infrastructure etc. and how it in turn will lead to overall growth and realization of demographic dividend of the country.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Start with brief on the context of the question, explain what you understand by spatial development.
First explain how and why India’s growth has remained concentrated in megacities of the country, then analyse why there has been no shift of it to secondary cities and small towns. Then explain why and how for India, a faster pace of spatial development is vital to enable the country to take full advantage of its demographic dividend afforded by its young population. Take hints from the answer and discuss all the aspects with suitable justifications.
Conclude with way forward.