Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
3) Do you agree sanitation will remain a mirage even after India stops defecating in the open? Discuss the challenges with respect to sanitation aspects in India and what needs to be done to overcome the same? (250 words)
Why this question:
The article takes a hard look at the challenges that need to be addressed with respect to sanitation as although we will meet the target of an open defecation free India much before deadline, it is still the easiest milestone that India has crossed.
Key demand of the question:
One has to explain the challenges and hurdles that the sanitation aspect is facing in India despite efforts in the right direction.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Begin with brief on the SBM and other sanitation programmes of the country.
Explain the following aspects:
State facts and data from the article.
Discuss why the sanitation drives though have taken civilizational leap forward are still not success stories in reality.
Explain the areas of lacunae, the challenges/hurdles in detail that the sanitation drives /policies have been facing.
Conclude with what needs to be done? Suggest way forward.