Topic: Salient features of world’s physical geography. Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment
1) The increasing rate of Glacier meltdown calls for focused strategies to tackle its causes and consequences, the situation thus can be considered as an opportunity in many ways alongside the crisis for India. Analyse.(250 words)
Why this question:
The article brings out the glacier meltdown of Himalayas and how it has both good and bad consequences.
Key demand of the question:
One must weigh the positives and negatives of the glacier meltdown being witnessed in the Himalayan glaciers.
Analyze – When asked to analyze, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.
Structure of the answer:
Begin with facts of climate changing around the Himalayan glaciers.
Explain the melting of Himalayan glaciers, and that Himalayas are losing 8 billion tonnes of frozen water annually. Then explain how these revelation calls for focused strategies to tackle its causes and consequences. The Himalayan snow deposits, the lifeline of the rivers emanating from this mountain chain, are critical to meet the water needs of millions of people in India and other Asian countries, particularly during the pre-monsoon summer months.
Explain how this can as well be seen as a benefit to source the water scarcity issue, list the benefits.
Conclude with way forward.