Topic: Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.
5) What do understand by peri urban agriculture? In what way can it aid in addressing the effects of climate change? Discuss.(250 words)
Why this question:
The question is based on the concept of ‘Peri-Urban Agriculture’. One has to analyse how it would contribute in mitigating the effects of climate change.
Key demand of the question:
The answer must analyse the concept in detail and discuss its contributions in handling the climate change impact.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Describe what is ‘Peri-Urban Agriculture’.
The answer must have the following points of discussions:
Peri-urban agriculture occurs in surrounding the boundaries of cities throughout the world and includes products from crop and livestock agriculture, fisheries and forestry.
It also includes non-wood forest products, as well as ecological services provided by agriculture, fisheries and forestry. Often multiple farming and gardening systems exist in and near a single city.
Green zones around urban areas.
Reduction in phenomenon of Urban heat island.
Lower need for transportation.
Diversification of food basket.
Restrict unplanned urbanization.
Conclude with urgent need for policy changes like effective legislation, long-term leases, leasing of the plots and gardens through a contract recognized by the municipality and correctly registered to promote participation by potential farmers, vegetable growers and livestock producers