Topic: Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.
4) Write a short note on integrated pest management (IPM) also discuss the constraints involved in the same.(250 words)
Why this question:
The question is straightforward on the concept of IPM.
Key demand of the question:
The answer must discuss in detail the IPM system and the hurdles/challenges involved in practicing it.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Begin with brief introduction on the concept of IPM.
Discussion should include the following:
What is integrated pest management system? – IPM is a managed pest management system that: eliminates or mitigates economic and health damage caused by pests; minimizes the use of pesticides and the risk to human health and the environment associated with pesticide applications.
What are some methods used in IPM? – methods used in IPM include one or a combination of the following: Cultural control (crop rotation, use of locally adapted or pest resistant/tolerant varieties, sanitation, manipulating planting/harvest dates to avoid pests)
Provide for examples.
Discuss specific challenges involved.
Conclude with way forward.