Topic: Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.
1) Discuss the merits and demerits of the concept of “One nation, One election” for Indian polity. (250 words)
Why this question:
Since the past few years it is observed that election take place frequently in some states of India. So, the state machinery and Election Commission of India engages its resources, man power to conduct assembly elections in those states. Now the NDA government is thinking to go for practice of “one nation one election”.
Key demand of the question:
The answer must analyse in detail what are the issues and concerns associated with one Nation, one election system and what are the advantages it would provide us.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Begin with what is the concept of “One Nation, One election”
Discussion should include the following:
History of simultaneous elections, if any held in the past.
What are the issues with the concept of single elections for the country?
Then move on to discuss the merits and demerits of the simultaneous elections.
Merits – Money Saving, Speedy Development Work, Check on Black Money, Smooth functioning of the Government Machinery, better governance etc.
Demerits include – Local issues will fade out, Regional Parties: to have tough time and suffer, delay in election results, Constitutional Problems etc.
Conclude by suggesting solutions.