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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 19 June 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 19 June 2019

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 

Tomorrow’s Static Topic: Issues relating to poverty and hunger.


General Studies – 2


Topic:Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

1) What are the challenges facing Indian Telecom sector? Discuss. Also suggest what needs to be done to overcome these challenges.(250 words)

Livemint

Why this question:

The article discusses in detail the challenges that are Indian telecom sector is facing.

Key demand of the question:

One has to detail upon the list of issues Indian telecom sector is facing and suggest what needs to be done.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin with brief introduction – quote facts on the current scenario.

Body:

Discussion should include the following:

  • Explain Challenges in Telecom Sector – Lack of fixed line penetration, High Right-of-Way (ROW) cost, spectrum allocation, corruption etc.
  • Explain the initiatives taken by the government in this direction to resolve the concerns.
  • Then move on to suggest solutions as to what can be done.

Conclusion:

Future of Telecom Sector is very bright as its role will be seen in almost everything. A long-term vision plan should be made accordingly. For the time being, the government needs to provide an easy and soothing environment for telecom operators.


Topic: Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary;

2) “The high pendency rates in India’s judicial system have dragged down growth and hindered ease of doing business in an investment-starved economy”, Analyse the statement with suitable examples.(250 words)

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Why this question:

The article highlights how the high pendency rates in India’s judicial system have dragged down growth and investments in an investment-starved economy. Across India’s subordinate courts – the first port-of-call for most cases is more than a third of the 31 million cases have been pending for more than three years. In the High Courts, the pendency is even higher: half of all the 8 million cases in the High Courts have been pending for more than three years.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must bring out the alarming scenario of pendency marring around the Judiciary which is leading to down growth of Indian economy in multiple facets.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin with brief introduction of the background of the question with some facts.

Body:

Discussion should include the following:

First quote why is too many cases pending in Indian courts? – list the causes; Increase in the awareness of rights by common man, New mechanisms (Eg: PIL) and new rights etc.

Then discuss what are the lacunae in disposing cases in time?

Analyse how this pendency leads to staggering of economic growth of the country – discuss its impact on ease of doing business, effect on financial markets etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by suggesting way forward as to what needs to be done to overcome the challenge.


Topic: Issues relating to poverty and hunger.

3) Do you agree that the recent Muzaffarpur litchi incident is more of a manifestation of already present hunger and malnutrition conditions of Bihar rather than mere consumption of litchi fruit or failure of health facilities to address the incidence? Critically analyse.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

An unexplained illness in children aged 15 years and younger in Muzaffarpur, Bihar, which claims many lives in May-June, has been solved. Scientists from the U.S. and India have found that consumption of litchi fruit and skipping evening meal can result in very low blood glucose level (less than 70 mg/dL) and acute encephalopathy that provokes seizures and coma, and causes death in many cases.

Key demand of the question:

However, the key reason behind such an incident happens to be the prevailing hunger and poverty conditions of the region rather than the etymology presented by the toxins in the fruit.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin with brief narration of the incidence of Bihar.

Body:

Discussion should include the following:

Main content of the answer should focus on the link between the incidence and hunger vis-à-vis malnourishment of the population of the region. Explain how health facilities can not address or fail in such situations as the root cause of the issue is hidden and is mainly the hunger.

Conclusion:

Conclude that to resolve such a issue, the government must focus on eradicating the root cause – hunger and malnutrition.


Topic: Issues relating to poverty and hunger.

4) Discuss the possible relationship between climate change and hunger.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

The question is to analyse the impact of climate change on global hunger

Key demand of the question:

One has to analyse how and why climate Change Is Driving Global Hunger.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin with brief introduction on what you understand by Hunger.

Body:

Discussion should include the following:

  • Quote reports like – Climate Change is among the leading causes of rising global hunger according to a new report released by the UN’s Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO).
  • Extreme weather events, land degradation and desertification, water scarcity and rising sea levels all indicate how climate change already undermines global efforts to eradicate hunger.
  • Explain how the two things are inter related, what are the dependencies? What needs to be done?

Conclusion:

Conclude that If we are to achieve a world without hunger and malnutrition in all its forms by 2030, it is imperative that we accelerate and scale up actions to strengthen the resilience and adaptive capacity of food systems and people’s livelihoods in response to climate variability and extremes.


General Studies – 3


Topic :Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

5) Discuss the role played by transport infrastructures in developing financial markets vis-à-vis economic growth.(250 words)

Livemint

Why this question:

The article discusses in detail a study that highlighted how The Golden Quadrilateral highway network spurred greater financial activity but only in areas with existing financial development.

Demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the role played by infrastructures in developing financial markets vis-à-vis economic growth.

Directive word:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

Start with brief introduction on importance of transport system for economic growth of a country.

Body

One can have the following points in the answer:

Economic  Growth: A  good  transportation system  is an important selling  point to communities that desire to attract development that provides for employment and growth of a city. If transport costs due to congestion increase, goods and services produced within that city tend to increase in costs  thus losing  competitiveness  in international  markets. Efficient  transportation access  is therefore  a very important  consideration as it  has a direct impact on  sound and sustainable economic growth and productivity. The cost of congestion in the Western Province of Sri  Lanka is over Rs 20,000 million per year (around 2 percent of Regional GDP). This includes the cost of productive time and wastage of fuel.   

Quality-of-Life: To some people, congested highways are a symptom of deteriorating quality-of-life-in a community.  The amount of time that is spent on commuting to and from work is also in reality, time that is taken away from social interactions or pursuit of activities that have a personal value and satisfaction.

  • Discuss in detail how investing in infrastructure in regions with basic financial development can help regions overcome barriers to economic growth.
  • Explain with the case study of India’s Golden Quadrilateral network.
  • Discuss the Indian scenario – present status, what more needs to be done in this direction etc.

Conclusion

Conclude that financial markets respond to large infrastructure investments and helps spur real economic outcomes contingent on initial financial sector development


Topic:  Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life

6) “Rising machine intelligence is a double-edged sword”, Elucidate.(250 words)

Livemint

Why this question:

The question is straightforward, the article analyses the pros and cons of AI in detail.

Key demand of the question:

Discussion should focus mainly in evaluating the Technology of artificial intelligence.

Directive:

ElucidateGive a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin with brief introduction on what you understand by AI.

Body:

Explain that There has been a growing chorus of alarm about the existential threat of Artificial Intelligence (AI). Eminent personalities such as Stephen Hawking, Steve Wozniak and Elon Musk have come out in public to state that if we continue to blindly develop machine intelligence, we will inevitably get to a point where machine intelligence will exceed that of humans.

Argue both the sides – for and against and form a fair and balanced opnion suggesting a way forward.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting the need to moderate the use of such technologies and need for exercising care to experiment with.


Topic:  Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

7) The Indian Forest Act, 1927 (IFA), is proposed to be amended. Can we conclude that the forest sector in India is waking up to the much-needed reforms? Critically analyse. (250 words)

Livemint

Why this question:

The question is to discuss the recent forest reforms that are being brought to the table. And evaluate if the reforms are in the right direction.

Key demand of the question:

Evaluate the current forestry reforms being taken by the government and critically analyse if they are able to meet the intent.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin with brief introduction on details of the Indian Forest Act.

Body:

Discussion should include the following:

Take cues from the article and discuss how IFA was a tool for a colonial takeover of India’s forests.  The IFA created two main legal categories of forests—reserved forest (RF) and protected forest (PF)—and empowered the forest departments (FDs) to take over, manage and protect them. It was implicitly for timber and softwood production. 

Then move on to discuss what are the issues of continuing the same system? What are we failing in?

Explain the relevance and coming of Forest Rights Act of 2006.

What are the current concerns associated to it?

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting the need for better reforms and need for the right direction.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

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