Topic: Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary;
2) “The high pendency rates in India’s judicial system have dragged down growth and hindered ease of doing business in an investment-starved economy”, Analyse the statement with suitable examples.(250 words)
Why this question:
The article highlights how the high pendency rates in India’s judicial system have dragged down growth and investments in an investment-starved economy. Across India’s subordinate courts – the first port-of-call for most cases is more than a third of the 31 million cases have been pending for more than three years. In the High Courts, the pendency is even higher: half of all the 8 million cases in the High Courts have been pending for more than three years.
Key demand of the question:
The answer must bring out the alarming scenario of pendency marring around the Judiciary which is leading to down growth of Indian economy in multiple facets.
Structure of the answer:
Begin with brief introduction of the background of the question with some facts.
Discussion should include the following:
First quote why is too many cases pending in Indian courts? – list the causes; Increase in the awareness of rights by common man, New mechanisms (Eg: PIL) and new rights etc.
Then discuss what are the lacunae in disposing cases in time?
Analyse how this pendency leads to staggering of economic growth of the country – discuss its impact on ease of doing business, effect on financial markets etc.
Conclude by suggesting way forward as to what needs to be done to overcome the challenge.