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5) Discuss How has science improved agriculture in India? With the farm sector facing headwinds what structural reforms do you think Indian agriculture requires? Elucidate.(250 words)

Topic: Agriculture; marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers

5) Discuss How has science improved agriculture in India? With the farm sector facing headwinds what structural reforms do you think Indian agriculture requires? Elucidate.(250 words)

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Why this question:

The question is straightforward and is about discussing the role played by science in improving agriculture and the need for structural reforms in Indian agriculture system.

Demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the role of science and technology in agricultural improvement along with need for structural reforms to move into Agriculture 2.0.

Directive word:

ElucidateGive a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

Start with facts/data depicting significance of agriculture to Indian economy.

Body

One can have the following points in the answer:

Economic  Growth: A  good  transportation system  is an important selling  point to communities that desire to attract development that provides for employment and growth of a city. If transport costs due to congestion increase, goods and services produced within that city tend to increase in costs  thus losing  competitiveness  in international  markets. Efficient  transportation access  is therefore  a very important  consideration as it  has a direct impact on  sound and sustainable economic growth and productivity. The cost of congestion in the Western Province of Sri  Lanka is over Rs 20,000 million per year (around 2 percent of Regional GDP). This includes the cost of productive time and wastage of fuel.   

Quality-of-Life: To some people, congested highways are a symptom of deteriorating quality-of-life-in a community.  The amount of time that is spent on commuting to and from work is also in reality, time that is taken away from social interactions or pursuit of activities that have a personal value and satisfaction.

First explain the conditions of Indian agriculture, the problems associated, issues and concerns related to structural reforms such as – market, farm incentives, diversification etc.Then move on to explain how the issues can be addressed.Suggest way forward, take hints from the article.

Conclusion

Conclude with significance of structural reforms required and the role played by science in improvising agriculture systems of India.