Topic: Environmental pollution and degradation
5) Maharashtra is facing a water emergency of unprecedented proportions, in such conditions analyse how grave the water crisis is and what needs to be done to deal with the problem.(250 words)
Why this question:
The conversation in the show discusses in detail the water emergency that the State of Maharashtra is facing and highlights the urgency to look into the water crisis the country is witnessing.
Key demand of the question:
The answer must discuss the water crisis in detail and suggest what needs to be done to resolve the situation and address the issue in a sustainable manner.
Analyze – When asked to analyze, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary
Structure of the answer:
In a few introductory lines discuss the situation of water crisis currently being witnessed across the country.
In brief discuss the following aspects –
Following years of drought, the rivers’ currents have ebbed, water in dams and reservoirs has depleted and over-exploitation of groundwater has raised concerns over the long-term availability of water.
Meanwhile media reports claim IT companies in Chennai are asking employees to work from home. The reason being they don’t have water to sustain operations. It has not rained for almost 200 days in the city and Chennai may not get sufficient rain to tide over the water crisis for the next three months. In North India, residents in the arid Thar Desert of Rajasthan are dishing out Rs 2,500 to buy 2,500 litres of water which they share with their cattle.
With the threat of desertification staring Punjab in the face and the state struggling to break away from the ‘wheat-paddy’ cycle, farmers in the state are quickly adopting a five-decade-old scheme to use ‘Underground Pipeline System’ for irrigation.
The union government on its part has created a Jal Shakti Ministry under a full-fledged cabinet minister to try and address the water emergency, but a lot more needs to be done.
Thus conclude by analysing how grave the water crisis is and what needs to be done to deal with the problem.
Conclude with what more needs to be done.