Topic: Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
1) What do you understand by Elder abuse? Discuss the factors contributing to increased elder abuse in India. Also suggest the significance of Adult Protective Services in preventing the same(250 words)
Why this question:
A recent study has revealed that More than 71 per cent of senior citizens in India face harassment or humiliation by their own family members, relatives or children. Thus, it is important for us to analyse the conditions of elders in India with World Elder Abuse Awareness Day approaching on June 15.
Demand of the question:
The answer must address as to what constitutes elder abuse, factors contributing to elder abuse in India, what do you understand by Adult Protective Services and their role in preventing and addressing elder abuse.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Start with brief introduction of what is elder abuse.
One can have the following points in the answer:
- Quote facts from survey to depict the current situation – As per the survey, every second senior citizen is being “harassed or mistreated or humiliated by their own family members, children, relatives or others”.
- Then discuss Factors responsible for intentional humiliation include — poor financial status of family, lack of space, interpersonal issues, chronic diseases of older persons, declining moral value system, among others.
- The abuse of elders by caregivers is a worldwide issue. In 2002, WHO brought international attention to the issue of elder abuse. Over the years, government agencies and community professional groups, worldwide, have specified elder abuse as a social problem. In 2006 the International Network for Prevention of Elder Abuse (INPEA) designated June 15 as World Elder Abuse Awareness Day (WEAAD).
Economic Growth: A good transportation system is an important selling point to communities that desire to attract development that provides for employment and growth of a city. If transport costs due to congestion increase, goods and services produced within that city tend to increase in costs thus losing competitiveness in international markets. Efficient transportation access is therefore a very important consideration as it has a direct impact on sound and sustainable economic growth and productivity. The cost of congestion in the Western Province of Sri Lanka is over Rs 20,000 million per year (around 2 percent of Regional GDP). This includes the cost of productive time and wastage of fuel.
Quality-of-Life: To some people, congested highways are a symptom of deteriorating quality-of-life-in a community. The amount of time that is spent on commuting to and from work is also in reality, time that is taken away from social interactions or pursuit of activities that have a personal value and satisfaction.
Conclude with solutions to the problem and suggest way forward.