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2) Discuss the role of NGOs in our society along with the Issues involved in their functioning. (250 words)

Topic: Development processes and the development industry- the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.

2) Discuss the role of NGOs in our society along with the Issues involved in their functioning. (250 words)

Indian polity by Lakshmikanth

Why this question:

The question is based on the static portions of the syllabus.

Key demands of the question:

Answer must discuss the role of NGOs in Indian society and the challenges that they face /issues involved in their functioning in detail along with suggestions as to how can we overcome and address such issues.

Directive word

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:


In a few introductory lines explain  what are NGOs.


Discuss the following :

  • What are NGOs and their key features –
  • As defined by the World Bank NGOs refers to not-for-profit organizations that pursue activities to relieve suffering, promote the interests of the poor, protect the environment, provide basic social services, or undertake community development.
  • These organizations are not a part of the government, have a legal status and they are registered the specific Act under which they have to be registered.
  • The term NGO in India denotes wide spectrum of organizations which may be non-governmental, quasi or semi-governmental, voluntary or non-voluntary etc.
  • Then move on to discuss their classification.
  • Explain their functioning and the challenges involved therein like – Accreditation remains a big challenge as it is very difficult to distinguish whether an organization wants to work for the cause or has been set up only for the purpose of receiving government grants.
  • Over dependence on funds from the government dilutes the willingness of NGOs to speak out against the government.
  • NGOs have acted as a cover for organized crime in past and are often seen as fronts for fundamentalist causes. Foreign funded NGOs have been responsible for organizing agitations and scuttling development projects in India.
  • NGOs are often seen as encroaching on centuries-old tradition and culture of the people, and lead to mass protest at times. Ban of Jallikattu, after the PIL by PETA is one such example.


Reassert their significance and conclude with way forward.