Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation. Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation.
1) Extending the Right to Education (RTE) to younger children through early childhood education would be a welcome step. Elucidate.(250 words)
Why this question:
The article discusses how Extending the right to education to younger children would be a welcome step. The recent draft National education policy has envisaged this step.
Demand of the question:
This question is to analyse the significance of such a step and discuss the importance of having right to education for younger children.
Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.
Structure of the answer:
Start with brief introduction on what is early childhood care and education.
Have the following points discussed in the answer:
Discuss what is meant by ECCE, its importance.What are the present provisions for ECCE?Role of RTE – present conditions, what will be the consequences of extending it to ECCE?Explain the provisions given in draft national policy.
Economic Growth: A good transportation system is an important selling point to communities that desire to attract development that provides for employment and growth of a city. If transport costs due to congestion increase, goods and services produced within that city tend to increase in costs thus losing competitiveness in international markets. Efficient transportation access is therefore a very important consideration as it has a direct impact on sound and sustainable economic growth and productivity. The cost of congestion in the Western Province of Sri Lanka is over Rs 20,000 million per year (around 2 percent of Regional GDP). This includes the cost of productive time and wastage of fuel.
Quality-of-Life: To some people, congested highways are a symptom of deteriorating quality-of-life-in a community. The amount of time that is spent on commuting to and from work is also in reality, time that is taken away from social interactions or pursuit of activities that have a personal value and satisfaction.
Conclude by appreciating the steps being taken by the government in this direction.