Topic: Role of women.
1) The recent proposal of Delhi government to make public transport free for women has opened a debate about the ways in which women access transport and the barriers they face, in such a context analyse how reforms in public transport affect women? (250 words)
Why this question:
The article provides for a detailed analysis of how public transport reforms can be a boom to Women and their empowerment.
Demand of the question:
This answer must analyse in detail the reforms in public transport and their effect on Women.
Analyse – When asked to analyze, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.
Structure of the answer:
Start with brief introduction of importance of public transport.
One can start by quoting facts like – Census data from 2011 showed that 45% of women do not even travel for work, meaning that they work out of their own houses. As a result, India has one of the world’s most lopsided ratios of male versus female commuting.
This gender commuting gap may be linked to the gender wage gap, which also really opens up after the arrival of children in the family. If women take work closer to home because of caring responsibilities, they may be less likely to find a job well matched to their skills or with a high-paying employer.Discuss the general challenges faced by women owing o lack of transport facilities.Then move on to explain the effect of policy reforms; explain the case study of Delhi.
Economic Growth: A good transportation system is an important selling point to communities that desire to attract development that provides for employment and growth of a city. If transport costs due to congestion increase, goods and services produced within that city tend to increase in costs thus losing competitiveness in international markets. Efficient transportation access is therefore a very important consideration as it has a direct impact on sound and sustainable economic growth and productivity. The cost of congestion in the Western Province of Sri Lanka is over Rs 20,000 million per year (around 2 percent of Regional GDP). This includes the cost of productive time and wastage of fuel.
Quality-of-Life: To some people, congested highways are a symptom of deteriorating quality-of-life-in a community. The amount of time that is spent on commuting to and from work is also in reality, time that is taken away from social interactions or pursuit of activities that have a personal value and satisfaction.
Conclude with significance of such steps.