Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.
4) “India’s workforce is masculinizing rapidly”, Critically analyse the statement in the light of recently released official data on Labour Force Participation Rate (LFPR).(250 words)
Why this question:
Representation of women in India’s workforce is at a historic low, and even those who work toil long hours for low pay, shows latest employment survey.
Key demand of the question:
The answer must evaluate in detail the recently released official employment survey of India.
Critically analyze – When asked to analyze, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.
Structure of the answer
In a few introductory lines bring out the highlights of the survey.
Answers must discuss the following aspects –
- What are the concerns posed by the gender gap scenario in the employment aspect of the country?
- over three out of four women over the age of 15 in India are neither working nor seeking work. This would imply that they are most likely running the house and taking care of children.
- Then move on to explain the factors responsible for such a fall in working rates of women.
- Take cues from the article, suggest data across the sectors, women of all age groups etc.
- Suggest what needs to be done to overcome such concerns and challenges.
Conclude with way forward.