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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 08 June 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 08 June 2019

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 

Tomorrow’s Static Topic: India and its neighborhood- relations.


General Studies – 1


Topic:  urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

1) “Though urbanization is considered to be a reagent for economic growth, so far India has not been able to tap its full potential.” Discuss.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

India’s emerging urban moment is caught between two realities: inadequate systems in public transportation, housing, waste management, and access to sanitation and health; and a burgeoning ecosystem of enterprising individuals, communities and start-ups pushing innovative solutions to these very same civic issues. Thus it necessary for us to evaluate the concerns and challenges involved.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must evaluate in detail the challenges facing urbanisation in India and suggest what needs to be done.

Directive word:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer

Introduction:

In a few introductory lines bring out the current state of Urbanization in India, if possible, use facts/data to assert better.

Body:

Answers must discuss the following aspects –

  • Discuss specific challenges of urbanization in India – the efficacy of urban administration has not improved with the pace of urbanization. Examine the reasons & suggest remedies. Explain the deficits in urban administration: (1) empowerment (2) resource (3) accountability deficits. Lack of resources and efficient policies to put things in place etc.
  • Explain how urbanization brings economic growth and what are the concerns in this context in Indian scenario.
  • What needs to be done?

Conclusion –

Conclude with way forward.


General Studies – 2


Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation. 

2) Though India has made significant developments in malaria prevention and control, challenges remain in eradicating the disease. Critically analyse the statement while suggesting way forward.(250 words)

Hindustantimes

Why this question:

India has sustained significant decline in malaria cases, halving numbers to 5.1 million in 2018 from 9.6 million the year before. This followed a 24% decline in 2017, according to the World Malaria Report 2018. This year, the cases have fallen across all states except Himachal Pradesh, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh and Lakshadweep. Despite the success, it is early days yet to declare that the country is on track to reach its goal of zero indigenous cases by 2027.

Thus, its necessary for us to evaluate the conditions around it.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss in detail the current conditions around eradicating Malaria in India and the challenges being faced around it, one must explain what needs to be done.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In a few lines state some facts related to Malaria in India highlighting the current scenario.

Body:

The answer must discuss the following:

  • Challenges in Malaria Control in India. – Porous borders and migrant movement – The North-eastern states share their border with neighboring countries such as Myanmar and Bangladesh where malaria is still prevalent and there is a persistent threat of influx of malaria cases from these countries. Anti- Malarial drug resistance, lack of physical resources /availability of resources, rural and urban conditions of malaria eradication, High endemic malaria pockets in remote areas and in tribal population etc.
  • Suggest what are the policies and plans in this direction.
  • What changes are required in the approach to eradicate malaria from India.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


TopicEffect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora

3) Write a note on New START treaty. What are its key features? Discuss its significance. (250 words)

Reference

 

Why this question:

Recently Russian President Vladimir Putin has said Russia was prepared to drop New START with the US as Trump administration has showed no genuine interest in conducting talks on extending the treaty.

Key demand of the question:

The question expects us to discuss in detail what is New START treaty, its key features and significance.

Directive word:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin with brief on New START Treaty – The New START caps the number of nuclear warheads well below Cold War limits.

Body:

  • First trace the history of coming of the treaty – The treaty was signed by US President Barack Obama and Russian counterpart Dmitry Medvedev in Prague in 2010.
  • New START replaced the 1991 START I treaty, which expired December 2009, and superseded the 2002 Strategic Offensive Reductions Treaty (SORT), which terminated when New START entered into force.
  • Both Russia and the United States announced that they met New START limitations by Feb. 5, 2018.
  • New START expires in 2021.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way significance.


Topic: India and its neighborhood- relations.

4) “Though neighbourhood first remains India’s foreign policy priority, but the emphasis has shifted from SAARC to BIMSTEC”. Analyse.(250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question:

As Prime Minister Narendra Modi begins his second innings in diplomacy this week with a visit to Maldives and Sri Lanka, his foreign minister Subrahmanyam Jaishankar has chosen Bhutan as his first foreign destination.

Thus it is important for us to evaluate the shift in India’s neighborhood policy.

Key demands of the question:

Answer is about discussing the changing foreign policy scenario of India.

Directive word

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

In a few introductory lines define the current foreign policy of India.

Body

  • Discuss the core points of focus of Indian foreign policy.
  • Trace the change in trends of India’s foreign policy in the past five years.
  • How and why is there a shift?
  • India and its neighborhood scenario.
  • India – SAARC, India- BIMSTC relations.
  • Conclude with what is the significance of such a shift in the policy, India’s role.

Conclusion

Conclude with way forward.


Topic: India and its neighborhood- relations.

5) What do understand by tax information exchange agreement (TIEA) that was recently signed with Marshall Islands? Discuss in detail its features along with its significance. (250 words)

The hindubuisnessline

 

Why this question:

Recently India notified a tax information exchange agreement (TIEA) with the Marshall Islands.

Demand of the question:

This question seeks to examine the key features of TIEA, its significance for India and other countries involved.

Directive word:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

Start with brief introduction on what is TIEA.

Body

  • The TIEA is based on international standards of tax transparency and exchange of information and enables sharing of information on request.
  • What are its key features? –  The agreement enables bilateral sharing of information, including banking and ownership information for tax purposes. It also allows officials of one country to undertake tax examinations in the other.
  • The agreement between the two countries provides an effective framework for exchange of information on tax matters which will help curb tax evasion and tax avoidance.
  • Recent agreement: The TIEA for exchange of information with respect to taxes was signed in 2016 at Majuro, the Capital of the Marshall Islands. India notified the TIEA on May 21, 2019.

Conclusion

Conclude with significance of such efforts.


General Studies – 3


Topic: Agriculture.

6) Agrarian distress is majorly a result of low farm prices and low agricultural productivity. Suggest measures which could help in realizing the goal of doubling farmers’ incomes by 2022. (250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

The question is straightforward and is about discussing extent of agriculture distress.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the key factors causing the Agrarian distress, and about the demands of urgent policy attention.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In a few introductory lines discuss the current Agrarian distress facing India.

Body:

In brief discuss –

  • The rising demand for farm loan waivers across states show the extent of agriculture distress.
  • This agrarian distress demands urgent policy attention on the following lines:
  • raise productivity
  • reduce costs of cultivation by providing quality inputs at subsidised rates
  • provide remunerative prices following the recommendations of the Swaminathan Commission
  • ensure assured procurement of output
  • expand access to institutional credit
  • enhance public investment for infrastructural development
  • institute effective crop insurance systems
  • establish affordable scientific storage facilities and agro-processing industries for value addition etc.
  • Suggest what should be the way forward.

Conclusion:

Conclude with what more needs to be done.

 


General Studies – 4


Topic:Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

7)Humans roam the earth, not the heavens, so ethics are indispensable. Elucidate.(250 words)

Ethics by lexicon

 

Why this question:

The question intends to discuss the indispensability of ethics in human life.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the how humanity forces the need for ethics in everyday life.

Structure of the answer:

Directive:

ElucidateGive a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Introduction:

In a few introductory lines appreciate what you understand by ethics.

Body:

Such questions are best answered using examples, suggest and assert how humans err- sometimes with maliciousness in mind but most of the time humans make misjudgments out of ignorance, intolerance or due to inability of reasoning etc. Then move onto explain how ethics in such conditions can guide.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting significance of ethics.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

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