Print Friendly, PDF & Email

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 07 June 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 07 June 2019

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

How to Follow Secure Initiative?

How to Self-evaluate your answer? 

INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 

Tomorrow’s Static Topic: India and its neighborhood- relations.


General Studies – 2


Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health.

1) What do you understand by Fixed dose Drug Combinations (FDCs)? Discuss their merits and demerits. (250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question:

The article talks about FDCs, the question is to evaluate what are FDC’s, their advantages and disadvantages.

Key demands of the question:

Answer is straightforward and must explain in detail what are FDCs, their merits and demerits.

Directive word

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

In a few introductory lines define FDCs. – A Fixed Drug Combination is a formulation consisting of two or more

active pharmaceutical products combined in a single dosage form. It

consists of a pre-determined combination and dosages of respective drugs.

FDCs may be used to target a single disease or multiple

conditions/disease.

Body

Discuss the following aspects in the answer:

Advantages of FDCs are:

  • They reduce the pill burden by reducing the number of pills to be
  • taken by the patients.
  • They reduce the risk of adverse reaction compared to higher dose of monotherapy. They are believed to have higher efficacy compared to higher dose of monotherapy.
  • They lead to reduction in overall cost and have least side effect.

Disadvantages of FDCs are:

  • There may not be an FDC available with the exact required
  • combination of drugs for the patient. This can lead to patients getting too much of a particular drug.
  • If there is an adverse reaction from an FDC, it may be difficult to
  • identify the ingredient responsible for causing the reaction.
  • Pharmaceutical companies may also try to evergreen their patents by obtaining exclusive rights to sell an FDC, even though the patent for individual components have expired.

Conclusion

Conclude with their significance.


Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation. Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

2) Evaluate the role played by Swachh Bharat initiative in reducing ground water contamination.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

A recent study by the UNICEF has found that ‘Swachh Bharat (Grameen)’ initiative of the government has helped reduce ground water contamination.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the key findings of the report and explain how the mission has led to reduction in ground water contamination.

Directive word:

EvaluateWhen you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidences.  You have to appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming a personal opinion here.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In a few introductory lines discuss the Swachh Bharat mission.

Body:

In brief discuss –

  • Discuss the key findings of the report.
  • The Swachh Bharat initiative has led to reduced ground water contamination.
  • The substantial reductions may potentially be attributed to the improvement in sanitation and hygiene practices.
  • Supportive systems such as regular monitoring and behaviour change messaging, which have all been critical aspects of the Swachh Bharat Mission (Grameen), also helped reduce ground water contamination.
  • Discuss the present status of the mission.

Conclusion:

Conclude with what more needs to be done, suggest way forward.


Topic:  Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive.

3) Discuss the purpose of a cabinet committee while explaining the types and their composition. Why are cabinet committees important in dealing with the big issues of the day and the government’s overall strategy?(250 words)

The hindu

 

Why this question:

The Government recently reconstituted eight key cabinet committees under the Transaction of Business Rules.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss in detail purpose of a cabinet committee while explaining the types and their composition.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In a few lines explain what are cabinet committees, The Cabinet Committee are organizations which are instrumental in reducing the workload of the Cabinet. These committees are extra-constitutional in nature and are nowhere mentioned in the Constitution.

Body:

The answer must discuss the following:

  • Types and Composition of Cabinet Committees:
  • Standing Cabinet Committee: These are permanent in nature with a specific job. The Cabinet Ministers are called its ‘members’ while the people without the rank of Cabinet Committee are called ‘special invitees’.
  • Ad-hoc Cabinet Committee: These are temporary in nature and are formed time to time to deal with specific tasks.
  • Composition: The composition of a Cabinet Committee varies from 3 to 8 people. Even Ministers who are not the part of the Cabinet can be added to a Cabinet Committee. Usually, each cabinet committee has at least one Cabinet Minister. The members of the Cabinet Committee can be from both the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha.
  • Suggest significance of the committees.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting significance of these committees.


Topic: India and its neighborhood- relations.

4) Buddhism constitutes a key linkage between India and south east Asia. Elaborate.(250 words)

Financialexpress

Why this question:

The question is about the cultural aspects of Buddhism which is a key link between India and south Asia.

Key demand of the question:

The question expects us to discuss the cultural linkages that India shares with south Asia. And the role specifically played by Buddhism in it.

Directive word:

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin with brief on India and South east Asian relations.

Body:

Explain how The Buddhist faith, due to its emphasis on peaceful co-existence and its wide pan-Asian presence, lends itself well to India’s soft-power diplomacy, through which India can establish strong relationship with South-Asian nations. Explain the factors that make Buddhism bridge between India and South-East Asia.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic: India and its neighborhood- relations.

5) Discuss the changing Political Scenario of India with Pakistan, what are the factors contributing to it? Suggest what should be the way forward for peaceful relations amidst the two countries.(250 words)

Epw

Why this question:

The question is straightforward and is to evaluate the relations of India and Pakistan.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must evaluate in detail the changing Political Scenario of India with Pakistan and the factors contributing to it. suggest way forward for what should be the strategy for the two countries ahead in future.

Directive word:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer

Introduction:

In a few introductory lines bring out the current state of relations between India and Pakistan.

Body:

Answers must discuss the following aspects –

  • Factors affecting the relationship between the two countries – historical mileage, current turf, terrorism, political differences and ideology etc.
  • Discuss the changing Political Scenario in Pakistan, its impact on India.
  • What needs to be done?

Conclusion –

Conclude with way forward.


General Studies – 3


Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

6) The Indian fertiliser industry has overlooked the aspects related to environmental pollution, while making improvements in energy efficiency. Critically analyse the statement while suggesting solutions to the problems.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

The article captures the pollution caused by the fertiliser industry in detail, it emphasises on the need for a relook at the industry. The industry has been classified under the ‘red category’ of polluting sectors by the Central Pollution Control Board

Demand of the question:

This question seeks to examine the pollution causing factors of the fertilizer industry

Directive word:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyze, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

Start with brief introduction on the fertilizer industry.

Body

Discussion to the answer must state the factors of pollution that the industry is causing, take cues from the article to discuss various reasons that are causing pollution. Cover multiple aspects and suggest what needs to be done.

Conclusion

Conclude with what needs to be done.

 


General Studies – 4


Topic: Case study

7) A big corporate house is engaged in manufacturing industrial chemicals on a large scale. It proposes to set upon the additional unit. Many states rejected its proposal due to the detrimental effect on the environment. But one state government acceded to the request and permitted the unit close to a city, brushing aside all opposition. The unit was set up 10 years ago and was in full swing till recently. The pollution caused by the industrial effluents was affecting the land, water and crops in the area. It was also causing serious health problems to human beings and animals. This gave rise to a series of agitation thousands of people took part, creating a law and order problem necessitating stern police action. Following the public outcry, the State government ordered the closure of the factory.

The closure of the factory resulted in the unemployment of not only those workers who were engaged in the factory but also those who were working in the ancillary units. It also very badly affected those industry which depended on the chemicals manufactured by it.

As a senior officer entrusted with the responsibility of handling these issues, how are you going to address it?(250 words)

Ethics by lexicon

 

Why this question:

The question intends to check the environmental ethics based on a case study analysis.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the issues involved in such an ethical dilemma faced by the responsible individual and discuss the different aspects of ethics involved.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In a few introductory lines appreciate the case, discuss the nuances involved.

Body:

Such case studies can have multiple approaches, the best approach will be to ensure all the associated concerns in the situation, all the stakeholders involved are addressed and one can not be disappointed at the cost of the other. Thus one must provide for a balanced opinion with strong ethical backing and suggest solutions that are viable for all in the case.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a fair and balanced opinion.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 [jetpack_subscription_form]