Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
6) The Indian fertiliser industry has overlooked the aspects related to environmental pollution, while making improvements in energy efficiency. Critically analyse the statement while suggesting solutions to the problems.(250 words)
Why this question:
The article captures the pollution caused by the fertiliser industry in detail, it emphasises on the need for a relook at the industry. The industry has been classified under the ‘red category’ of polluting sectors by the Central Pollution Control Board
Demand of the question:
This question seeks to examine the pollution causing factors of the fertilizer industry
Critically analyze – When asked to analyze, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.
Structure of the answer:
Start with brief introduction on the fertilizer industry.
Discussion to the answer must state the factors of pollution that the industry is causing, take cues from the article to discuss various reasons that are causing pollution. Cover multiple aspects and suggest what needs to be done.
Conclude with what needs to be done.