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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 05 June 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 05 June 2019

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 

Tomorrow’s Static Topic: Role of civil services in a democracy.


General Studies – 2


Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation

1) Discuss the unique features of draft National Education Policy, 2019. What are the challenges and roadblocks in front of it and how should the government in power overcome the same? (250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The article throws light upon the draft National Education Policy, 2019. It highlights how inputs from the T.S.R. Subramanian Committee report and the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), the K. Kasturirangan Committee has produced a document that is comprehensive, far-sighted and grounded in realities.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must provide for a detailed analysis of the draft education policy 2019, its key features, pros and cons. Challenges in implementing the same.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer

Introduction:

write a few introductory lines on the current education policy of India.

Body:

Have the following points in the answer:

  • Explain the key features of the policy – how it seeks to revamp all aspects of the sector and does not shy away from suggesting brave new ideas.
  • Discuss in detail – universal foundational literacy and numeracy, idea to cover children of 3-18 years [instead of the present 6-14 years under the Right to Education (RTE) Act], aim is to double the Gross Enrolment Ratio from 25% to 50% by 2035 and make universities the hubs of research (with Tier I universities/institutions devoted primarily to research and some teaching, Tier 2 universities devoted to teaching and some research, and Tier 3 institutions comprising mainly colleges that are to be converted gradually into degree-giving autonomous institutions).
  • Then move on to discuss the challenges that are being faced in implementing the same.
  • Discuss what needs to be done?

Conclusion –

Conclude with significance and need of a robust national education policy.


Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

2) Analyse the key findings of newly released SDG Gender Index. What does it signify for the Indian case?  (250 words)

Indianexpress

 

Why this question:

A new index to measure global gender equality, was launched recently, it ranked India at 95th among 129 countries. The SDG Gender Index comes close on the heels of the gender gap index of the World Economic Forum where India was ranked 108th.

Key demands of the question:

The answer must discuss in detail the finding of the newly released index and its significance to Indian case.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

In a few introductory lines discuss the significance if the report.

Body

The body of the answer has to capture the following aspects:

  • Bodies involved: The SDG Gender Index has been developed by Equal Measures 2030, a joint effort of regional and global organizations.
  • Indicators: It accounts for 14 out of 17 SDGs (sustainable development goals) that cover aspects such as poverty, health, education, political representation and equality at the workplace.
  • Methodology: A score of 100 reflects the achievement of gender equality in relation to the targets set for each indicator.
  • Global scenario: Key Findings
  • Altogether, 2.8 billion girls and women live in countries that get either a “very poor” (59 and below) or “poor” score (60 – 69) on gender equality.
  • Just 8% of the world’s population of girls and women live in countries that received a “good” gender equality score (80-89).
  • No country achieved an “excellent” overall score of 90 or above.
  • Denmark with score of 89.3 topped the rankings followed by Finland and Sweden.
  • Key findings for India:
  • India has been ranked at 95th among 129 countries.
  • India’s highest goal scores are on health (79.9), hunger & nutrition (76.2), and energy (71.8). Its lowest goal scores are on partnerships (18.3, in the bottom 10 countries worldwide), industry, infrastructure and innovation (38.1), and climate (43.4).
  • India was ranked 108th on the latest Gender Gap Index released by the World Economic Forum.

Conclusion

Conclude with way forward and importance of such report


Topic: Role of civil services in a democracy

3) With ever rising complexity of demands as of today, how do you think the role of civil servants has been changing in shaping the democracy of today’s world countries?(250 words)

Governance by Lakshmikanth

Why this question:

The question is about discussing the importance of civil services in shaping the democracy with changing times.

Demand of the question:

Answer is straightforward and one must discuss details of how civil services shape democracy with changing times.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

Start with highlighting the importance of civil servants and their services in a democracy.

Body

There is not much to deliberate as the question is straightforward, one must discuss the fact that times have changed, and with it the democracy has evolved long way

Conclusion

Conclude by reasserting its importance.

 


Topic: Role of civil services in a democracy

4) Elucidate upon the importance of civil services in modern day democracy. (250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The question is intended to evaluate the role played by civil services in modern day democracy.

Key demand of the question:

The answer is straightforward and is about discussing in detail the contributions made by civil services to the modern-day democracy.

Directive word:

ElucidateGive a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly narrate the significance of democracy.

Body:

The answer to discuss the following aspects –

Discuss how civil services has contributed in bringing scientific and technological development, brought out economic planning, industrial revolution, handle situations of crisis and disasters in a much better way.

Explain how it led to good governance, emergence of welfare state.

Justify how it leads to a strong government, brings out participation etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


General Studies – 3


Topic : climate change

5) Discuss the potential impact of climate change of world food production.(250 words)

Reference

 

Why this question:

The article brings out how Climate change is adversely affecting the production of key crops such as wheat and rice, with some countries faring far worse than others.

Key demands of the question:

The answer should evaluate the effect of climate change of world food production.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Discuss briefly the issue of Climate change on a larger picture.

Body:

Answer is straightforward and must discuss the impact of climate change on world food production. Take cues from the article and discuss the impact in detail on different parts of the world.

Conclusion:

Conclude with what should be the solution, what needs to be done.


Topic: Disaster and disaster management.

6) What are heat waves and how are they classified? Discuss the effects of heatwaves on health, environment and economy and suggest how should India be prepared?(250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question:

The Article discusses in what way heat-wave action plans can help city administrations cope with the worst of summer.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must explain what are heat waves, the causes of heatwaves, effect of heatwaves on health, environment and economy. Also one has to elaborate on the steps that are required to be taken in Indian context.

Directive word:

Commenthere we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin with a definition of what you understand by heatwaves.

Body:

The answer must discuss the following:

  • Heat wave is considered if maximum temperature of a station reaches at least 40°C or more for Plains, 37°C or more for coastal stations and at least 30°C or more for Hilly regions.
  • Discuss the criteria used to declare heat wave.
  • Explain the causes and consequences, health impacts of Heat Waves, on economy, environment etc.
  • Quote reasons – why India is experiencing more heat waves, what needs to be done?
  • Conclude with way forward.

Conclusion:

Conclude with solutions to overcome the challenge.


General Studies – 4


Topic:Ethical egoism

7) What do you understand by ethical egoism? How does it influence one’s ethical behaviour? Discuss. (250 words)

Ethics by lexicon

Why this question:

The question is about discussing the concept of ethical egoism. discuss its pros and cons, explain how it impacts ones ethical behaviour.

Key demand of the question:

Answer should discuss concept of ethical egoism and its effect on one’s ethical behaviour.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In a few introductory lines explain what is ethical egoism.

Body:

One must cover the following aspects in the answer –

  • Ethical egoism is the view that people should in fact act according to their self-interest. Ethical egoists argue that people do not often pursue their self-interest, but that they should in fact do so. Acting in self-interest means that we should do what maximizes our happiness and minimizes our unhappiness.
  • This is a form of hedonism (derived from Greek word “hedon” which means happiness or pleasure); a doctrine which proposes that one should maximize one’s happiness and minimize one’s unhappiness.
  • Then move on to discuss its positives and negatives.
  • Explain how it influences one’s ethical behaviour.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

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