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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 04 June 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 04 June 2019

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Tomorrow’s Static Topic: Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.


General Studies – 2


Topic: Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.

1) Representation of the People Act, 1951 serves as backbone of the Indian electoral system. Elucidate.(250 words)

Indian Polity by Lakshmikanth

Why this question:

The question is about discussing the importance of Representation of the People Act, 1951 in the Indian electoral system.

Demand of the question:

Answer is straightforward and one must discuss details of how it has proved to be the backbone of the entire electoral process.

Directive word:

ElucidateGive a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

Start with highlighting the importance of election in a democracy.

Body

There is not much to deliberate as the question is straightforward, one must discuss the salient features of Representation of the People Act, 1951, in what way it is the backbone of the Indian electoral system.

Conclusion

Conclude by reasserting its importance.


Topic: Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.

2) Do you think Misquoting judicial orders for electoral gain deserves to be made a corrupt practice? Discuss the need to frame guidelines against religious, casteist and “fake” statements uttered for electoral capital.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The question is intended to evaluate the corrupt practices in the electoral processes that drive themselves a force through judicial orders.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss in detail the problems associated with the electoral practices; in what way the judicial orders are misused to benefit the electoral gains.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly narrate the issues concerning corrupt practices in elections.

Body:

Body of the answer should discuss the following aspects:

  • We need to explain what corrupt electoral practices are prevalent in India and the impact of it.
  • Explain that – that not only in the Parliament and State Assembly Elections, even in by-elections; religious, casteist and fake statements are made to support particular party and candidate, which is against the basic dictum of democracy and free and fair election in spirit of Article 324 of the Constitution. It offends right to know guaranteed under Article 19 of the Constitution
  • Discuss the need for framing guidelines to overcome the issue.
  • Suggest solutions.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

3) “An educational tilt in favor of Hindi has been gridlocked historically by our champions of linguistic diversity, if a language-based class barrier needs to be taken down, ‘English for all’ is probably the best possible fix to the problem in Indian scenario”. Critically analyse.  (250 words)

Livemint

 

Why this question:

The question is intended to critically analyse the factor of making Hindi as a compulsory language in the Indian education system.

Key demands of the question:

The answer must discuss in detail the language factor and the challenge of linguistic diversity that makes the question of compulsory language difficult in the education policy of India.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyze, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

In a few introductory lines discuss the issue, context of current draft education policy.

Body

The body of the answer has to capture the following aspects:

  • Explain first the historical debate of making Hindi a compulsory language.
  • Why Hindi though is only the official language is given such importance despite the fact there is substantial opposition from the non-Hindi states.
  • Discuss pros and cons of making Hindi a compulsory language in the education system.
  • Explain the possible issues and challenges and suggest your opinion if English can provide to be a one stop solution for all issues.

Conclusion

Conclude with way forward and importance of preserving linguistic diversity.

 


Topic: India and its neighborhood- relations. Security challenges and their management in border areas

4) The geo-strategic importance of the Indian Ocean Region (IOR) has seen a gradual increase in the recent past. Under such conditions discuss the significance of Indian Navy’s Presence and Surveillance Missions in the region and critical role played by them. (250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

Question is about discussing the crucial role played by the Indian Navy in the Indian ocean region. Recently in an expansion of its Mission Based Deployments (MBD) in the Indian Ocean Region (IOR), the Navy deployed its P-8I long-range maritime surveillance aircraft for anti-piracy sorties from Salalah in Oman to patrol the Gulf of Aden.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must provide for a detailed narration of the geostrategic importance that the Indian ocean region holds for India and the countries around the region. One has to explain in detail the

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer

Introduction:

write a few introductory lines the current efforts being made by the Indian Navy in the IOR.

Body:

Have the following points in the answer:

  • The geo-strategic importance of the Indian Ocean Region (IOR) has seen a gradual increase in the recent past. Indian Navy regularly deploys ships for Presence and Surveillance Missions (PSM), off critical choke points / sea lanes in the IOR.
  • Since August 2017, Indian Navy deployments in the IOR have been further structured under the Mission Based Deployment (MBD) concept.
  • Under MBD concept, In addition to the anti-piracy deployment, IN ships were also Mission Deployed for :
  • Operation ‘GULFDEP’ in the Persian Gulf,
  • Operation ‘CENTDEP’ in the central Indian Ocean Region,
  • Operation ‘NORDEP’ in the northern Bay of Bengal and
  • Operation ‘MALDEP’ in the Andaman Sea and approaches to the Malacca Strait.

Discuss other Naval operations that were significant n the IOR.

Conclusion –

Conclude with significance.


General Studies – 3


Topic : Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

5) India’s unemployment challenge party lies in its success in expanding education while not expanding formal sector jobs. Comment. (250 words)

The hindu

 

Why this question:

The Article discusses at length the problem of unemployment and in what way one needs to see rising unemployment as a function of rising education and aspirations.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must explain the causes of rising unemployment challenge in India, what are the factors responsible and how it can be resolved.

Directive word:

Commenthere we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin with brief write up on the current unemployment scenario of the country.

Body:

The answer must discuss the following:

  • Quote the facts from the report from the Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS).
  • Discuss the conditions which suggest that part of India’s unemployment challenge lies in its success in expanding education while not expanding formal sector jobs.
  • Explain in detail the observations taken together which suggest that the roots of India’s present-day unemployment challenges lie in its very success. Educational expansion affects the unemployment debate by skewing the unemployment statistics and by creating greater competition for well-paid jobs among a rising population of educated youth. Rising prosperity allows young graduates to wait for well-paying jobs, creating an army of educated unemployed, before being forced to accept any work, frequently returning to family farms or starting small shops.
  • Conclude with way forward.

Conclusion:

Conclude with solutions to overcome the challenge.


Topic:  Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment. Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests.

6) What do you understand by Generalized System of Preferences (GSP)? Discuss the features in detail. Quote the reasons for which US withdrew GSP with India the repercussions of the same and what should India do?(250 words)

Economictimes

Why this question:

The article brings out a detailed discussion of Generalized System of Preferences (GSP), US-India trade relations amidst US’s withdrawal from GSP with India. The US terminated preferential tariffs to Indian exports on Friday after determining that it has not committed to provide “equitable and reasonable access to its markets” for the US.

Key demands of the question:

The answer should discuss the concept of Generalized System of Preferences (GSP), reasons of failure of the agreement between India and US, what are the repercussions of the same on India and what should India do to overcome the concerns posed by such a system.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Define what you understand by GSP.

Body:

Answer must discuss the following:

  • The Generalized System of Preferences (GSP) is a U.S. trade program designed.
  • Discuss its Features – These are unilateral, non-reciprocal and non-discriminatory benefits extended by U.S. to promote economic growth in the developing world by providing preferential duty-free entry for up to 4,800 products from 129 designated beneficiary countries and territories.
  • Timeline: GSP was instituted on January 1, 1976, by the Trade Act of 1974. The GSP program has effective dates which are specified in relevant legislation, thereby requiring periodical reauthorization in order to remain in effect.
  • Explain that the US terminated preferential tariffs to Indian exports after determining that it has not committed to provide “equitable and reasonable access to its markets” for the US.
  • Some of the key reasons cited by trump administration are trade imbalance with India, no access to Indian market for us dairy, medical device industry and issues related to data localization norms.
  • Benefit Restoration: As per US norms, a beneficiary country must meet 15 discretionary and mandatory eligibility criteria established by Congress to qualify for GSP. These include providing the US with equitable and reasonable market access, combating child labour, respecting internationally recognized worker rights and providing adequate and effective intellectual property rights protection.

However, reinstatement of GSP benefits is conditional.

Conclusion:

Conclude with what should be India’s way forward.


General Studies – 4


Topic: Morality; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance;

7) Abolition of untouchability in all its forms, including scavenging, remains an unrealized constitutional right, Discuss in detail the scope of constitutional morality in such conditions. (250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The question is about discussing the concept of constitutional morality, its scope in the context of social ills such as untouchability in all possible forms.

Key demand of the question:

Answer should discuss how the issue of the rights of sweepers and scavengers has never entered the mainstream legal consciousness in the country.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In a few introductory lines explain the background of the question.

Body:

One must cover the following aspects in the answer –

  • What do you understand by the constitutional morality?
  • Why the above-mentioned social evils have remained as unrealized constitutional rights?
  • Challenges in inculcating the constitutional morality.
  • What needs to be done to further the utility of morality in such cases?

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

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