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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 31 May 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 31 May 2019

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 

Tomorrow’s Static Topic: Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.


General Studies – 2


Topic: Indian polity

1) ‘Linguistic diversity unifies India polity’ Elaborate with special focus on diversity of North Eastern state. (250 words)

 

Why this question:

The question is to analyse the linguistic diversity and its key relationship with respect to Indian polity.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss in the context of diversity of North Eastern state. The relation shared by language diversity with that of the factor of Indian polity.

Directive word:

ElaborateGive a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin with brief write up on what you understand by linguistic diversity in Indian context.

Body:

The answer is straightforward, there isn’t much to deliberate, students need to analyse the link between linguistic diversity and the Indian polity system. Also discuss the same using case studies of North eastern states.

Conclusion:

Conclude with its importance.


Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

2) “India has 20.6 health workers per 10,000 people, while it is less than the World health Organization’s minimum threshold of 22.8” does it reflect a healthcare crisis in India? Critically analyse.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The article provides for a detailed analysis of the mismatch between the numbers of health workers per chunk of population size. It brings out the health crisis India is acing due to such low numbers.

Demand of the question:

Answer must discuss in detail the effects of such mismatch on the health system of the country.

Directive word:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyze, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

Start with stating facts of the scenario.

Body

Discuss the following points in detail:

  • Bring out the current issue, discuss the following aspects:
  • India has 20.6 health workers per 10,000 people.
  • While it is less than the World health Organization’s minimum threshold of 22.8, the numbers have increased from 19 health workers per 10000 people in 2012.
  • The distribution of health workers is uneven between urban and rural areas. Rural areas with nearly 71% of India’s population have only 36% of health workers.
  • Delhi has the highest concentration of health workers followed by Kerala, Punjab, and Haryana.
  • The uneven distribution of health workers is seen in private and public health sector too — more than 80% of doctors and 70% of nurses and midwives are employed in the private sector.
  • Discuss its impact, challenges and way forward.

Conclusion

Conclude with significance and way forward.


Topic: Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate

3) Discuss the Role and significance of Asian Development Bank.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the role and significance of Asian development bank.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain the mandate of the Asian Development bank.

Body:

Body of the answer should discuss the following aspects:

  • Established in 1966, and is closely modeled on the World Bank; has a
  • similar weighted voting system where votes are distributed based on

member’s capital subscriptions.

  • ADB borrows from international capital markets with its capital as Guarantee.
  • Since the ADB’s early days, critics have charged that the two major
  • donors, Japan and the United States, have had extensive influence over
  • lending, policy and staffing decisions.
  • There has been criticism that ADB’s large scale projects cause social and environmental damage due to lack of oversight.
  • India has about 6% voting rights (4th highest; second highest is USA,

even here)

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic:  Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.

4) Discuss the mandate of Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).(250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

Question is straightforward and is about discussing role played by Food and agriculture organization.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the detailed objectives of FAO and its mandate.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer

Introduction:

write a few introductory lines on what is FAO.

Body:

Answers must discuss in detail the objectives of the FAO.

The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) is specialized agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to defeat hunger. Their goal is to achieve food security for all and make sure that people have regular access to enough high-quality food to lead active, healthy lives.

Conclusion –

Conclude with way forward.


General Studies – 3


Topic:  Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

5) Discuss the need for a robust and transparent securitisation framework in Indian financial systems also discuss measures to develop the market further. (250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) constituted a committee to review the existing state of mortgage securitization in India and suggest measures to deepen it.

Key demands of the question:

The answer must analyse the need for robust and transparent securitization framework in Indian financial systems. Discuss the present issues, causes etc.  

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

In a few introductory lines define need for securitization framework.

Body

The body of the answer has to capture the following aspects:

Discuss the Committee on the Development of Housing Finance Securitization Market. Explain the details why the committee had to come in place, need for restructuring etc. Discuss that The mortgage securitization market in India is primarily dominated by direct assignments among a limited set of market participants on account of various structural factors impacting both the demand and the supply side, as well as certain prudential, legal, tax and accounting issues. For a vibrant securitisation market to develop, it is imperative that the market moves to a broader issuance model with suitable structuring of the instruments for diverse investor classes. At the same time, as the international experience shows, it is critical to address the issues of misaligned incentives and agency problems resulting from information asymmetry problems between the originators and investors in the market, which can exacerbate systemic risk. Thus, a careful design of a robust and transparent securitization framework assumes paramount significance.

Conclusion

Conclude with significance of the same.


Topic : Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

6) Discuss the major objectives of Mission Gaganyaan – India’s maiden human spaceflight programme.(250 words)

Timesofindia

 

Why this question:

The Indian Air Force (IAF) has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) for astronaut selection and training for ambitious Gaganyaan Programme, scheduled for 2022.

Key demands of the question:

The answer is straightforward and must discuss the mission in detail – objectives, significance and way forward.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

One can start by bringing out the highlights of the mission.

Body:

Answer to the question the straightforward, In brief discuss the detailed objectives of Gaganyaan Mission, Gaganyaan Mission is India’s maiden human spaceflight programme, scheduled for 2022.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance of the mission and state its importance.

 


Topic: Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.

7) Gandhi always advocated the purity of means- with respect to that, do you think it is unethical for a military officer to mislead the enemy? Yes/No/Why? (250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question:

The question is about discussing the concept of Purity of means propounded by Mahatma Gandhi.

Key demand of the question:

Discussion should be based on the case of a military officer deciding to disguise the enemy, you must give a fair and balanced opinion.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In a few introductory lines explain the concept of purity of means.

Body:

One must cover the following aspects in the answer –

Elucidate upon the idea of “Purity of means” as propounded by Mahatma Gandhi; that ‘means are as important as end’. The purity of means is to achieve an end result which tells us about our values and attitude. For instance Gandhiji adhered to the path of non-violence for achieving independence for India. But Gandhiji himself justified violence in Quit India movement when he saw no other alternative has been left. Thus  ethics is contextual and situational.

Discuss how for a military officer, his highest moral duty would be to safeguard the national interest and ensure the survival of the state. As failing in the war would mean subordination of the country which would take away the people’s fundamental rights and push them towards impoverishment, therefore for a military officer winning a battle is more necessary even if he has to mislead the enemy.

Conclusion:

Conclude with what should be the way forward.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

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