Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
2) “India has 20.6 health workers per 10,000 people, while it is less than the World health Organization’s minimum threshold of 22.8” does it reflect a healthcare crisis in India? Critically analyse.(250 words)
Why this question:
The article provides for a detailed analysis of the mismatch between the numbers of health workers per chunk of population size. It brings out the health crisis India is acing due to such low numbers.
Demand of the question:
Answer must discuss in detail the effects of such mismatch on the health system of the country.
Critically analyze – When asked to analyze, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.
Structure of the answer:
Start with stating facts of the scenario.
Discuss the following points in detail:
- Bring out the current issue, discuss the following aspects:
- India has 20.6 health workers per 10,000 people.
- While it is less than the World health Organization’s minimum threshold of 22.8, the numbers have increased from 19 health workers per 10000 people in 2012.
- The distribution of health workers is uneven between urban and rural areas. Rural areas with nearly 71% of India’s population have only 36% of health workers.
- Delhi has the highest concentration of health workers followed by Kerala, Punjab, and Haryana.
- The uneven distribution of health workers is seen in private and public health sector too — more than 80% of doctors and 70% of nurses and midwives are employed in the private sector.
- Discuss its impact, challenges and way forward.
Conclude with significance and way forward.