Print Friendly, PDF & Email

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 27 May 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 27 May 2019

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

How to Follow Secure Initiative?

How to Self-evaluate your answer? 

INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 

Tomorrow’s Static Topic: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or
affecting India’s interests.


General Studies – 1


Topic: Salient features of Indian Society, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues.

1) Manual scavenging in india still remains a lethal Filth. Critically Analyse the statement with emphasis on initiatives taken by the government in this direction and reason for their failures.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

While expressing concern over the continuing practice of manual scavenging, National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) chairperson H.L. Dattu recently stated that just putting in place laws was not enough, they need to be implemented proactively.

Key demands of the question:

The answer must briefly discuss the menace of manual scavenging looming the country even today despite so many initiatives taken by the government. One has to critically analyse the causes of it and discuss the way forward.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

In a few introductory lines explain the general conditions of scavenging in India.

Body

The answer must explain the following aspects:

  • What are the conditions of manual scavengers in India today?
  • What are the government initiatives present?
  • Why are most initiatives failing to address the issue?
  • Discuss the existing challenges.
  • Why is the condition more appalling in urban regions?
  • Discuss the causes of the above – societal, political and economic aspects.
  • Explain what are the consequences of it on the society.

Conclusion

Conclude with what needs to be done to overcome such a social issue.


General Studies – 2


Topic:  Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

2) What do you understand by ‘Shanghai spirit’?  Discuss what is the strategic importance of SCO for India?(250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

The Indian delegation is participating in the second Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) Mass Media Forum at Bishkek in Kyrgyzstan. Thus it is important for us to analyse the its importance for India.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must evaluate what is Shanghai’s spirit and its significance to India.

Directive word:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In a few introductory lines explain what you understand by Shanghai spirit.

Body:

Body of the answer to capture the following dimensions:

  • The Shanghai Spirit — the core value of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) — has played a significant role in safeguarding regional security and promoting regional development.
  • The “Shanghai spirit” is about mutual trust, mutual benefit, equality, consultation, respect for cultural diversity and pursuit of common development among the SCO members.
  • Then move on to discuss Why SCO is important for India?

Conclusion:

Conclude with what should be the way forward.


Topic: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/ or affecting India’s interests.

3) Comment on the aspects that are turning SAARC futile and dysfunctional. What steps should be taken to make it more relevant and workable in the present conditions?(250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

The question is about discussing the problems facing SAARC and the futility and ineffectiveness that is being witnessed by the partnership.

Demand of the question:

The answer is straightforward and must discuss the reasons of SAARC’s ineffectiveness and dysfunctionality.

Directive:

Commenthere we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

  • Although conceptualized to collaborate on common problems of member nations like low intra-regional trade, infrastructure, sustainable development and poverty alleviation, SAARC has failed to be effective and turned dysfunctional due to the following reasons:
  • The success of European Union was facilitated by France and Germany, the two bitter rivals, coming together. In contrast, India and Pakistan, the two big rivals could not come to common terms.
  • SAARC charter doesn’t allow discussion of bilateral issues as a result of which the contentious issues continue to simmer and countries are not able to come forward.
  • Trade barriers: Tariff and non-tariff barriers have also played their role in keeping the level of integration low while Pakistan hasn’t extended MFN status to India with so many items been put under the ‘negative list’
  • Failure to ensure single window clearance and removal of clumsy procedures resulted in high cost trade inhibiting the growth potential of the region.
  • Non-availability of adequate infrastructure in the form of roads and cargo/ship handling equipment has also hindered the progress.
  • Due to same agriculture produce like Basmati rice in India, Pakistan and Bangladesh scope of trade is also inherently less.
  • Regional problems: Srilankan Tamil issue, Bangladesh’s political conflict, Nepal’s unstable terrain, and political instability in Pakistan further aggravated by militancy creating real bottlenecks in developing the region.

Conclusion:

Conclude with what should be the way ahead.


Topic :  . Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary.

4) What is the significance of Leader of opposition in Indian Polity? Explain in what way an effective opposition is crucial to an effective democracy?(250 words)

hindustantimes

Why this question:

The article discusses about the current situation of the Congress party which is unlikely to get the post of the Leader of the Opposition (LoP) in Lok Sabha for a second time in a row as it has yet again failed to get 10% seats in Parliament’s lower House.

Key demand of the question:

Answer must discuss the significance of the post of leader of opposition.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In a few introductory lines state the current situation of LoP.

Body:

In brief discuss what you understand by Leader of opposition? significance of it in Indian polity, what are the nuances of the office of LoP. Why is it essential etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting significance of the office in a democracy.

 


General Studies – 3


Topic:  Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

5) What do you understand by Green New Deal (GND)? Evaluate its prospects for India’s ailing economy.(250 words)

livemint

 

Why this question:

The question is around the concept of Green new deal and the prospects it has for Indian economy.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss what is the concept of GND, its prospects and way forward.

Directive word:

EvaluateWhen you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidences.  You have to appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming a personal opinion here.

Structure of the answer

Introduction:

write a few introductory lines on the importance of such concept.

Body:

    • Answer should have the following dimensions covered:
    • Discuss the concept of Green New Deal – It is a big, bold transformation of the economy to tackle the twin crises of inequality and climate change. It would mobilize vast public resources to help us transition from an economy built on exploitation and fossil fuels to one driven by dignified work and clean energy.
    • Explain What is the Green New Deal proposal?
    • Discuss how The Green New Deal could work in India too, allowing for a qualitative difference to the economy.
    • Take hints from the article and discuss at depth.
  • Conclusion –

Conclude with significance and what should be the way forward.


General Studies – 4


Topic:  Ethical dilemma based case.

6) Discuss the significance of ethical accountability in public services also explain what are the challenges in achieving it?(250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications

 

Why this question:

The question is to address the significance of ethical accountability and the challenges in achieving the same in public services.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must brief about what is ‘ ethical Accountability’, how does it matter in public services, what are the challenges in achieving the same and how to overcome it .

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In a few introductory lines define what you understand by ethical accountability.

Body:

Holders of public office are accountable for their decisions and actions to the public and must submit themselves to whatever scrutiny is appropriate to their office. public servants are accountable both to the political executive and to citizens for ensuring responsive, transparent, and honest policy implementation and service delivery. But ensuring accountability for performance is not a simple task in government services; there are immense complexities involved in making public officials answerable for output and outcomes.

Discuss then the challenges faced in achieving it and suggest what needs to be done?

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance of such virtues in Public services.


Topic:  case study based on ethics.

7) Discuss any two women social reformers who in your opinion have fought for doing away with societal evils and have proved to be game changer.(250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon Publications

Why this question:

The question is to reflect upon the role of women social reformers and their contributions to the society.

Key demand of the question:

The answer should discuss any two women social reformers in detail who have contributed immensely to the society in doing away with the social evils.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In a few introductory lines state the context of question.

Body:

The answer can vary from one to another. Discuss any two women social reformers of your choice in detail with special emphasis on their contributions with respect to doing away with social evils.

Conclusion:

Conclude by stating how their contributions have made a remarkable difference to the society.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 [jetpack_subscription_form]