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4) What is the central ideology of Maoist insurgents in India? Critically analyse also suggest solutions to address the issues associated.(250 words)

Topic: Linkages between development and spread of extremism.

4) What is the central ideology of Maoist insurgents in India? Critically analyse also suggest solutions to address the issues associated.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

The question is in the backdrop of recent attacks witnessed in Arunachal Pradesh where Tirong Aboh, the sitting MLA from Khonsa West assembly constituency, along with 10 others have been  killed in an ambush by unidentified gunmen in Tirap District

Demand of the question:

The answer must explain how the decades-old insurgency is a major internal threat facing the world’s largest democracy and one must narrate in detail the central ideology of such Insurgency.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyze, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Known in India as the Naxalites or Naxals, the Maoists are considered to be left-wing extremists who broke away from mainstream communism on ideological issues like the decision by the main parties to join the electoral process.

Body:

Body of the answer should capture:

  • What is their central idea ?
  • When was the movement formed?
  • Who do the Naxalites represent?
  • What attracts the population to the movement?
  • Who is their target?
  • What steps has the government taken so far to fight the Naxalites?
  • What measures are required still to curb the menace of Maoism.
  • Discuss some specific case studies – North East region to justify better.

Conclusion:

Conclude with what should be the way ahead.